July 2018 – News from the Profession

2018-2019 Fellows for the Consortium for History of Science, Technology and Medicine

NEH Postdoctoral Fellow

Ashley Inglehart, Indiana University
Seminal Ideas: The Forces of Generation for Robert Boyle and His Contemporaries

Dissertation Fellows

Ekaterina Babintseva, University of Pennsylvania
Computer-Based Education in the Cold War United States and Soviet Union: Cyberdreams of the Information Age

Ayah B. Nuriddin, Johns Hopkins University
Liberation Eugenics: African Americans and the Science of Black Freedom Struggles, 1890-1970

Research Fellows

Elaine Ayers, Princeton University
Strange Beauty: Botanical Collection, Preservation, and Display in the 19th Century Tropics

Edward Barnet, Stanford University
Homo Musicus: The Early Modern Musical Science of the Human Being

Scottie Hale Buehler, University of California at Los Angeles
Being and Becoming a Midwife in 18th Century France: Pedagogical Practices and Objects

Jessica M. Dandona, Minneapolis College of Art and Design
The Transparent Woman: Medical Visualities in Fin-de-Siècle Europe and the United States, 1890–1914

Alexandra Fair, Miami University (Ohio)
Eugenic Expectations: How the Medical Economy Changed and Sustained Eugenic Ideology in Post-WWII America

Jordan Katz, Columbia University
Jewish Midwives, Medicine and the Boundaries of Knowledge in Early Modern Europe, 1650-1800

Andrew Lea, University of Oxford
Computerizing Diagnosis: Minds, Medicine, and Machines in Twentieth-Century America

Paul Mitchell, University of Pennsylvania
Human Remainders: The Lost Century of the Samuel George Morton Collection

Sarah Naramore, University of Notre Dame
I Sing the Body Republic: How Benjamin Rush Created American Medicine

Paloma Rodrigo Gonzales, City University of New York
Elusive Evidence, Enduring Fluidity: Historical Trajectories of the “Mongolian Spot”as a Marker of Race

Alana Staiti, Cornell University
Model Bodies: The Art, Science, and Craft of Human Modeling for 3-D Computer Graphics and Animation, 1960-1995

Sean Smith, Rice University
Abolition and the Making of Scientific Racism in the Anglo-Atlantic

Laurel Waycott, Yale University
Patterns of Creation: Organic Form in the Science of Life, 1880-1930

Historical Collection of Thomas Cooper Given to the American Philosophical Society

Since retirement from his laboratory in 1984, Seymour S. Cohen has collected historical and biographical materials on Thomas Cooper, 1759-1839. Cooper had been the subject of the doctoral dissertation of Dumas Malone (ca. 1920) whose subsequent studies led to a major biographical study of Thomas Jefferson (1948-1981). Cooper, born in London, contributed to the development of textile bleaching while living and working in Manchester. An early vice president of the Literary and Philosophical Society, he published essays on early cultural and scientific developments in England, including an early interest in a transition from monarchical to republican government. As a friend of the family of Joseph Priestley he explored Pennsylvania as a home for that Unitarian chemist. He wrote books on the qualities of early America and also began to study English law and to explore the evolution of chemistry.

Cooper’s subsequent career in Pennsylvania after 1795 involved country and agricultural law, chemical instruction and publications at several colleges, as well as industrial developments before, during and after the War of 1812-15. In 1817 Cooper was appointed as Professor in Virginia, which failed to open until 1825, at which time he had become the President of the South Carolina College.

In his twenty years in the South, Cooper initiated the study of geology and the development of chemistry. In the 1820s he had begun to compose treatises of political economy, to assist the formation of the first medical college, and the first mental asylum in the South. In 1830 he disavowed the brevity theory of the age of the Earth and lost his position as President of the College. From 1834-1836 Cooper wrote a history of the laws of South Carolina. He died in 1839.

Cohen’s Historical Collection on Cooper has been given to the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, which has undertaken to prepare the Collection for historical study.

Lone Star Historians of Science — 2018

Seated: Abena Osseo-Asare, Megan Raby, Rodolfo John Alaniz; Standing: Anthony Stranges, John Lisle, Don Olson, Karl Stephan, Pam Stephan, Bruce Hunt, Lydia Pyne, Steve Kirkpatrick, Durell Roth; not pictured: Steve Bratteng

The Lone Star History of Science Group held its thirty-first annual meeting on 6 April 2018 at the Texas State University in San Marcos. The gathering was hosted by Karl Stephan of Texas State.

The Lone Star speaker this year was Don Olson of the Texas State University Department of Physics. Don is known as “the Celestial Sleuth” for his use of astronomical evidence to shed light on mysteries in history, art, and literature. Over the years he and his students at Texas State have published numerous articles on “forensic astronomy” in Sky and Telescope and elsewhere, many of which have been collected in Celestial Sleuth (2013) and Further Adventures of the Celestial Sleuth (2018), both published by Springer. In his Lone Star talk, Don discussed astronomical and meteorological aspects of paintings by van Gogh, Monet, and Munch, and showed how attention to shadows enabled him and his students to pin down the exact timing of photographs Ansel Adams took of mountains in Alaska and California, and of Alfred Eisenstaedt’s celebrated photo of a sailor kissing a nurse in Times Square on V-J Day. Don also discussed who first observed the Ring Nebula and showed how unusual tides affected battles from Stirling Bridge (1297) to Tarawa (1943). It all made for a fascinating look at the intersection between history and astronomy. After lively discussion, the group then made its way to Palmer’s Restaurant for dinner and more conversation.

Each spring, the Lone Star Group draws together historians of science, technology, and medicine from around Texas to discuss their shared interests and enjoy a friendly dinner. Its constitution, adopted over drinks in an Austin restaurant in 1988, provides that there shall be “no officers, no by-laws, and no dues,” and the group remains resolutely informal. More information about the Lone Star group, including a list of past meetings and some photographs, can be found at http://lonestarhistoryofsciencegroup.blogspot.com/.

The next Lone Star meeting will be held in Austin in March or April 2019. Anyone interested in being added to the Lone Star e-mail list (and that is all it takes to become a member in good standing) should contact Bruce Hunt of the University of Texas History Department at bjhunt@austin.utexas.edu.

ISHPSSB Spring 2018 Newsletter

The ISHPSSB Spring 2018 newsletter is now available:
https://bit.ly/2siisJi (HTML)
https://bit.ly/2IWxizu (PDF)

CFP: Living Well: Histories of Emotions, Wellness & Human Flourishing

A special issue of the Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences

Submission deadline: 1 November 2018

Organized by the Forum for the History of the Human Sciences in honor of historian John C. Burnham (1929-2017), this special issue will bring together historical studies that analyze how the social and behavioral sciences have attended to the meanings and conditions of living well and human flourishing. We are interested in accounts that consider what these sciences, as well as popular works that draw on them, have said about living well, in its spiritual, psychological, cultural, social, economic, and/or political dimensions.

We welcome article-length submissions that explore the development, implementation, and critique of social and behavioral science research and theoretical frameworks in this area. In addition, we are interested in studies that consider the uptake of such work in the broader society, at the level of ideas, social practices, popular culture, and/or public policy. We welcome manuscripts that engage with the topics, geographical areas, and theoretical approaches that Burnham used himself. But we are equally interested in manuscripts that advance other lines of analysis.

Possible topics of historical investigation include:

  • self-help and other advice literature
  • humanistic psychology, positive psychology, and happiness studies
  • work on mindfulness and resilience
  • studies of the emotions
  • research from behavioral economics
  • social justice movements’ use of the behavioral sciences to challenge the conditions and inequalities impeding human flourishing at the levels of the individual, group, and/or society
  • social and behavioral scientific studies of “bad habits” and strategies for overcoming them
  • critiques of scholarly work and popular accounts of living well, happiness, and/or positive thinking
  • the biopolitics of living well
  • the relationship between popular and expert views of how to live well and flourish
  • the sponsorship of studies on well-being and the use of such work by communities, groups, private organizations, philanthropy, business, and government.

Send manuscript submissions of approximately 10,000 words, including notes and references, by 1 November 2018 to guest editors Mark Solovey (mark.solovey@utoronto.ca) and Debbie Weinstein (debbie_weinstein@brown.edu). The guest editors also welcome preliminary inquiries about the appropriateness of particular subject matters and lines of analysis. All submissions should follow the format outlined in the journal’s Author Guidelines. Submissions selected by the guest editors will be peer-reviewed per the standard procedures of the journal.

HPS&ST Note

The monthly HPS&ST Note is available online at https://www.hpsst.com/hpsst-note.html.

Here is a sampling from earlier issues:

  • European Society for the History of Science Biennial Conference and British Society for the History of Science Annual Meeting, University College, London, 14-17 September 2018
  • 4th Latin American Conference of the International History, Philosophy and Science Teaching Group (IHPST-LA), 3-5 September 2018, Federal University of ABC, UFABC, Santo André, Brazil
  • International Conference on History of Science and Science Education (ICHSSE), 29-31 August 2018, State University of Paraiba, Brazil
  • Opinion Page. Gerald Holton: Tracing Tom Kuhn’s Evolution: A Personal Perspective
  • Thomas Kuhn and Science Education

This HPS&ST monthly Note is sent to about 7,500 individuals who directly or indirectly have an interest in the connections of history and philosophy of science with theoretical, curricular and pedagogical issues in science teaching, and/or interests in the promotion of more engaging and effective teaching of the history and philosophy of science. The Note seeks to serve the diverse international community of HPS&ST scholars and teachers by disseminating information about events and publications that connect to HPS&ST concerns. Please do feel free to forward this information to any local, national or international lists whose members you think would appreciate knowing of the Note and its web location.

Contributions to the Note (publications, thematic issues, conferences, Opinion Page, etc.) are welcome and should be sent direct to the editor: Michael R. Matthews, UNSW, m.matthews@unsw.edu.au.

EASTM: New Issue #46 Published

The latest issue #46 of the Journal of East Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine, featuring a Focus on “Displacing Jesuit Science in Qing China,” is available online at www.eastm.org.

Contents of this journal include the following:

  • Note from the Editor by Catherine Jami
  • Obituary: Tsun Ko (Ke Jun柯俊) (1917-2017) by Mei Jianjun and Thilo Rehren
  • Focus
    • Focus Introduction by Wu Huiyi, Alexander Statman and Mario Cams
    • Blurring the Boundaries: Integrating Techniques of Land Surveying on the Qing’s Mongolian Frontier by Mario Cams
    • ‘The Observations We Made in the Indies and in China’: The Shaping of the Jesuits’ Knowledge of China by Other Parts of the Non-Western World by Wu Huiyi
    • A Forgotten Friendship: How a French missionary and a Manchu prince studied electricity and ballooning in late eighteenth century Beijing by Alexander Statman
  • Article
    • The Substitution of Materia Medica in Tibetan Medicine: An Inquiry into Traditional Tibetan Treatises by Olaf Czaja
  • Reviews
    • Roslyn Lee Hammers, Pictures of Tilling and Weaving: Art, Labor, and Technology in Song and Yuan China reviewed by Ina Asim
    • Liping Bu, Darwin H. Stapleton, and Ka-Che Yip, Science, Public Health and the State in Modern Asia reviewed by Ruth Rogaski
    • Roger Hart, Imagined Civilizations: China, the West, and Their First Encounter reviewed by H. Floris Cohen
    • Christopher Cullen, The Foundations of Celestial Reckoning: Three Ancient Chinese Astronomical Systems reviewed by Daniel Patrick Morgan

New Open Access Book: Histories of Technology, the Environment, and Modern Britain

UCL Press is delighted to announce the publication of a new open access book that will be of interest to members: Histories of Technology, the Environment, and Modern Britain. Download it free: https://goo.gl/eUV5n6

Histories of Technology, the Environment, and Modern Britain brings together historians with a wide range of interests to take a uniquely wide-lens view of how technology and the environment have been intimately and irreversibly entangled in Britain over the last 300 years. It combines, for the first time, two perspectives with much to say about Britain since the industrial revolution: the history of technology and environmental history. Technologies are modified environments, just as nature is to varying extents engineered. Furthermore, technologies and our living and non-living environment are both predominant material forms of organization—and self-organization—that surround and make us. Both have changed over time, in intersecting ways.

Technologies discussed in the collection include bulldozers, submarine cables, automobiles, flood barriers, medical devices, museum displays and biotechnologies. Environments investigated include bogs, cities, farms, places of natural beauty and pollution, land and sea. The book explores this diversity but also offers an integrated framework for understanding these intersections.

Special Issue of Historia Scientiarum

The History of Science Society of Japan publishes three issues of Historia Scientiarum a year. The latest issue is a special issue: “The History of Geological Sciences in East Asia: Geosciences in Transition.”

Contents of this Special Issue include the following:

  • Introduction by Toshihiro Yamada and Michiko Yajima
  • How Modern Geology Was Published: A Case Study of Chinese Geological Journals, 1919 to 1949 by Jiuchen Zhang
  • Frontier of Professionals: The Vision of American Advisors That Supported Hokkaido Development in the Early Meiji Period by Tomomi Nakagawa
  • Japanese Geological Scientists and Their Activities with Respect to Science Communication: With Special Reference to Professor Seitaro Tsuboi and Chidanken by Fumihiko Tochinai
  • Christian Missionaries and Natural Things: The Italian-style Geological Collection of Cimatti’s Museum at Chofu, Tokyo, Japan by Stefano Marabini and Gian Battista Vai
  • Article
    • On Eugenic Policy and the Movement of the National Temperance League in Prewar Japan by Takashi Yokoyama
  • News
    • The Program of the 64th Annual Meeting of the History of Science Society of Japan

For further information, see http://hssj.info/page/2.

Latest Dissertations as of May 2018

The latest batch of recent doctoral dissertations harvested from the issues 78-04 A and B of Dissertation Abstracts related to the history of science, medicine, and technology can be found in the links below. ProQuest has altered how they put out their individual issues. No longer do they correlate to one month, so the dating is more random. Thus titles will range from 2018—yes they have some 2018 dates—back into the early 1900s.

There is one additional aspect to point out about this latest batch of dissertations. ProQuest has begun adding numerous titles from many universities world-wide dating back into the early 1900s. Not all these earlier titles come with abstracts but should be available for downloading entire copies online.

If interested, please view the following: ISISdiss78-04-4444 and JHMdiss78-04-4444

National Humanities Alliance and NEH for All

The National Humanities Alliance, an advocacy group for the humanities in the United States and of which HSS is a member, has created a digital resource for humanities projects in the US. This digital clearinghouse highlights National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) projects across the US. NEH for All articulates how the Endowment benefits a wide range of communities. Profiles reflect grants that are diverse across three dimensions: geography, area of impact, and type of humanities activity (e.g. research, education, public programming, preservation, and digital).

For more information, go to https://www.nhalliance.org/neh_for_all.

Announcing the 2018 ACLS Fellows

The American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) is pleased to announce the 2018 ACLS Fellows. For this competition, ACLS increased the number of awards to 78—the greatest number in the history of the program, which has been supporting scholars across the humanities and humanistic social sciences for more than five decades. The expansion of the program allows ACLS to support fellows who are even more broadly representative of the variety of humanistic scholarship across all fields of study, and who reflect a diverse and inclusive ideal of academic excellence.

Peer reviewers selected the fellows from a pool of nearly 1,150 applicants. Awards range from $40,000 to $70,000, depending on the scholar’s career stage, and support scholars for six to twelve months of full-time research and writing.

“The 2018 ACLS Fellows hail from more than 50 colleges and universities, including several for which this is the first time a member of their faculty has received an ACLS Fellowship,” said Matthew Goldfeder, director of fellowship programs at ACLS. “Fellows were selected for their potential to make an original and significant contribution to knowledge, resulting from research on cultures, texts, and artifacts from antiquity to the present, in contexts around the world.”

The ACLS Fellowship program, the longest-running of our current fellowship and grant programs, is funded by ACLS’s endowment. Institutions and individuals contribute to this program, including The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, Arcadia Charitable Trust, the Council’s Research University Consortium and college and university Associates, past fellows, and individual friends of ACLS.

To view the ACLS Fellows, including those with named fellowships, click here.

New National Air and Space Museum Director Announced

Ellen Stofan has been named as the John and Adrienne Mars Director of the National Air and Space Museum. Dr. Stofan began her tenure at the museum 30 April 2018.

From 2013 to 2016, she was the Chief Scientist at NASA, serving as the principal advisor to former Administrator Charles Bolden on NASA’s strategic planning and programs. She helped guide the development of a long-range plan to get humans to Mars and worked on strategies for NASA to support commercial activity in low Earth orbit as the agency transitions from the International Space Station to sending humans to the moon and Mars in the mid-2020s. She supported NASA’s overall science programs in heliophysics, Earth science, planetary science and astrophysics. She also worked with President Barack Obama’s science advisor and the National Science and Technology Council on science policy.

Before joining NASA, Dr. Stofan was Vice President and Senior Scientist at Proxemy Research (2000 to 2013), a consulting firm in the Washington area specializing in planetary research.

While finishing her doctoral degree, she joined the Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) as a post-doctoral fellow and became the Deputy Project Scientist for the Magellan Mission to Venus. In 1994, she became JPL’s Chief Scientist for the New Millennium Program where she managed a team of about 100 scientists working on new technologies. The following year, she moved to London while continuing to work at JPL and was, and continues to be, an honorary professor at the University College London, where she conducted her own research and advised doctoral students. She returned to the U.S. in 2000.

Dr. Stofan currently serves as co-chair of the World Economic Forum’s Council on the Future of Space Technologies. She has published extensively and received many awards and honors, including the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers and the NASA Distinguished Service Medal. She was named one of “CNN’s Extraordinary People of 2014.” She is co-author of the books Planetology: Unlocking the Secrets of the Solar System and Next Earth: What Our World Can Teach Us About Other Planets, both published by National Geographic.

Throughout her career, she has advocated strongly for the inclusion of underrepresented groups in science, technology, engineering, and math, speaking to groups around the world about the importance of diversity in solving the world’s problems. She has used the idea of citizen scientists as part of STEM outreach, provided guidance to young scientists about communications, and advocated for stronger roles for women and other underrepresented groups in scientific fields.

Dr. Stofan earned her bachelor’s degree in geology at the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia. The summer after her sophomore year, she did an internship at the Air and Space Museum in planetary science. She went on to earn her master’s and doctoral degrees at Brown University, both in geological sciences.

Circumscribere: International Journal for the History of Science

A new issue of the online journal Circumscribere: International Journal for the History of Science has just been published. It is a special issue on “Doing History of Science in a Digital, Global, Networked Community: Tools and Services Linking Scholars” guest edited by Stephen Weldon (HSS’s Bibliographer) and Gavan McCarthy. All of these papers were delivered at the 25th International Congress of History of Science and Technology in July of 2017 in Rio de Janeiro as part of a symposium sponsored by the Commission on Bibliography and Documentation. Contributors include: Ana Alfonso-Goldfarb; Silvia Waisse; Marcia H.M. Ferraz; Ailie Smith; Stephen Weldon; Carla Bromberg; Nicholas Wyatt; Gavan McCarthy; Venkat Srinivasan; T. B. Dinesh; Bhanu Prakash; A. Shalini; Nataša Jermen; Zdenko Jecić; Erwin Neuenschwander; Jose Goldfarb; and Odécio Souza.

Newberry Fellows

The Newberry Library in Chicago, Illinois, an independent research library that offers materials spanning six centuries, has announced its class of fellows for 2018-2019. Some topics that may be of interest to HSS members appear below.

Those who are interested in applying for a fellowship for next year, please visit the Newberry website for more details and opportunities.

Anne Koenig
Independent Scholar, History
National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow
Flesh and Blood: The Body and Popular Health in Late Medieval Germany

Benjamin Benus
Assistant Professor of Art History at Loyola University, New Orleans
Arthur and Janet Holzheimer Fellow in the History of Cartography
Mapping the Modern World: Atlas Design at Container Corporation of America

Margaret Flood
PhD Candidate in History at the University of Minnesota
Newberry Consortium in American Indian Studies Graduate Student Fellow
Plants, Health, and Power: Narratives of Medicine in Ojibwe Country, 1825-1930

Camden Burd
PhD Candidate in History at the University of Rochester
Newberry Library-American Society for Environmental History Fellow
The Ornament of Empire: Nurserymen and the Making of the American Landscape

AHA Career Diversity Grants

The American Historical Association, in partnership with the Mellon Foundation, has created fellowships that will begin to integrate broad-based, professional development into graduate programs’ culture. These diversity grants will encourage fellows and faculty members to rethink the structure and purpose of doctoral programs by developing workshops, lectures, and networking events. Further information can be found here.

A Corrective for All-Male Panels

The 8 June 2018 Chronicle of Higher Education included an article titled “Female Historians Try to End the I-Didn’t-Know-Any-Women Excuse for Men-Only Panels.” The article states that a group of female historians has launched a searchable online database that lists area of expertise, along with contact information for female historians. A search conducted on 5 July 2018, with the search term “science,” brought up 340 records. Although some of the hits were not for historians of science, most of the entries did capture our field.

ISHM Newsletters

The International Society for the History of Medicine (ISHM) produces a regular newsletter, edited by Emanuela Appetiti. The Newsletters, which can be found here, contain news about members and the affiliated societies, the list of recent publications and dissertations, forthcoming conferences, and several calls for papers. The latest issue contains two special messages: one from the local organizers of the 46th ISHM Congress, who extend a welcome for the Lisbon conference, 3-7 Sept 2018, and the other from the organizers of the 47th ISHM Congress, which will be held at the end of August 2020.

New Publication in Edition Open Sources

Francesco Luzzini’s Theory, Practice, and Nature In-between: Antonio Vallisneri’s Primi Itineris Specimen was published in March of 2018 by Edition Open Sources (EOS). EOS publishes peer-reviewed, open-access academic editions of primary sources, making them available to both specialists and general readers. In addition to html editions, EOS publications are also available in e-book, pdf, and print formats (all of which are accessible through the links above).

The heart of the work is a critical edition of Antonio Vallisneri’s Primi itineris per Montes Specimen Physiocomedicum (First Report of a Mountain Journey, 1729). Vallisneri was one of Italy’s preeminent physicians and natural philosophers. This text is a travel account of Vallisneri’s trip across the northern Apennines which illuminates many aspects of natural history at the time, including the development of methodologies in geology, anthropology, geography and other field sciences.

The book includes a facsimile of the sole surviving original manuscript, a transcription of the text, an English translation, and an introductory essay. Explanatory notes throughout address textual, historical, philological, and scientific aspects of the text.

Edition Open Sources was established by the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin. This is the second title to appear as a joint endeavor between the MPI and the University of Oklahoma, including the Department of the History of Science, History of Science Collections, and University Libraries (http://www.ou.edu/cas/hsci/digital-projects/edition-open-sources). This title is the fruition of an Edition Open Sources post-doctoral fellowship established by OU and MPI in 2014.

Open access represents a new paradigm for scholarly publishing and communication. The distinctive feature of Edition Open Sources is that peer-reviewed, scholarly publications appear in both digital and physical formats.

Update on Michael Servetus

After 3 years of archival research, Miguel González Ancín and colleagues have published a book with the first documents of Michael Servetus’s past in Spain, (there were no documents of him before 1531, but he was already in Basel), including 13 new documents. They presented the book at the National Distance University of Spain in Tudela, on 9 Nov 2017 and also published an expanded edition, which includes a digital open-source version and identical copy of the physical book at the academic repository Social Science Research Network: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3093969

Or it can also be found in the recommended reading from the Sorbonne’s research team: http://www.clea.paris-sorbonne.fr/les-lectures-clea/lectures.

The most important new aspects of Michael Servetus’s past are that he was a student and then later one of the four professors in the Studium Generale of Arts in Zaragoza, the nascent University of Zaragoza, and that he had to leave Spain because he had a very serious brawl with his relative, maestre Gaspar Lax, the Rector-Vice Chancellor, and High Master of the University. Lax blocked all of Servetus’s academic possibilities in the Spanish Universities of Valencia, Alcala, Barcelona, Salamanca, Lérida, Zaragoza and Huesca, which accounted for Servetus having to leave Toulouse University.

The book includes photographs of every document, as well as a transcription of the text.