January 2017 – News From the Profession

Ashgate Merged with Taylor and Francis Group

With nearly 50 years of publishing in the Social Sciences, Arts, and Humanities, Ashgate complements Routledge’s commitment to support academic research and scholarly publishing. Ashgate is a leading research publisher in Art History, Music, History, Social Work, Politics, Literary Studies, and many other disciplines. The Taylor and Francis Group is delighted to now offer these titles through their company.

Consortium for Hist of Sci, Tech & Med November 2016 News

Events

About 40 people joined us for the sixth Annual Introductory Symposium and nearly 400 people from around the world watched the live stream online. In addition to 21 scholars presenting their work, representatives from the Newberry Library in Chicago and the New York Academy of Medicine provided an overview of the research opportunities available at their institutions.

Working Groups

The Consortium launched new working groups this year and welcomed new conveners. Jamie Cohen-Cole of George Washington University and Greg Eghigian of Penn State have relaunched the Working Group on the History of the Human Sciences. The group formerly known as the Early Sciences Working Group has split into two groups. One, the Working Group on the History of Ancient and Medieval Sciences is run by Darin Hayton of Haverford College and Nahyan Fancy of DePauw. The other, the Working Group on the History of Early Modern Science is run by Robert Westman of UCSD and Peter Dear of Cornell. The Science Beyond the West group has two new conveners, Ramah McKay of UPenn and Mary Brazelton of Cambridge University, who have joined Projit Mukharji of UPenn. Frederick Davis of Purdue University is beaming in from Hong Kong to join Jeremy Vetter of the University of Arizona to run the Earth and Environmental Sciences Working Group. More information on the 11 working groups and 24 co-conveners is available on the working groups’ webpage.

This year, the Consortium opened two workshops to working group participation. The first was a symposium hosted at the University of Minnesota. Titled “Beyond the Scientific Revolution,” this symposium will lead to a special issue of the Journal of Early Modern History. The working group used the Consortium’s webconferencing platform to join remote participants from across the country, doubling the symposium’s attendance. The second symposium was hosted by the South Asia Center at UPenn and was titled “New Approaches to STEM in South Asia.” We look forward to offering more online workshops for working group participants.

Chemical Heritage Foundation

The Chemical Heritage Foundation is pleased to announce that the newly-processed Spinco Historical Collection is now open to researchers. Founded in 1946, Spinco is a noted American manufacturer of scientific and medical instruments. The firm is best known for making centrifuges, but its product line also featured a number of other innovative instruments, including electrophoresis systems, amino acid analyzers, and protein peptide sequencers. Materials preserved in the Spinco Historical Collection include printed materials, photographic materials, business records, and audio-visual materials.

The Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts

The Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania, received a donation of one hundred and eight books on the subject of natural history and medicine, dating from the sixteenth to the twentieth centuries and including works by Dr. Martin Lister (1638?-1712), Royal Physician to Queen Anne. The Kislak Center received another gift of a collection of over one thousand works of science fiction from the 1940s to the 2000s. The center also acquired documents relating to editing the Annales de Chimie, of which Louis-Bernard Guyton de Morveau (1737-1816) was the lead editor, along with Lavoisier and others, from its inception in 1789.

The New York Academy of Medicine Library Acquisitions

The New York Academy of Medicine Library recently acquired the Bodyscope (1948), an unusual and entertaining addition to the library’s collection of books with movable parts. The Bodyscope was prepared by Ralph H. Segal and Theodore I. Segal, with illustrations by William Brown McNett, the Director of Medical Arts at the Temple University School of Medicine. The library has also acquired Juan Bautista Juanini’s (1636-1691) Carta escrita al muy noble Aretino, el doctor Don Francisco Redi, medico archiatro de S.A. Serenissima el Gran Duque de Toscana, a rare work on the nervous system published in 1689. Finally, the library recently completed the cataloging of 42 medical student notebook manuscripts kept by students studying at medical colleges in New York between 1827 and 1909.

Fellowship Opportunities at the German Historical Institute, Washington DC

Fellowship in the History of Knowledge

The German Historical Institute in Washington is now accepting applications for a 6- to 12-month Fellowship in The History of Knowledge. Potential projects could focus on (but are not limited to) the following areas: the dynamics of knowledge transfer, communication and dissemination (or restriction) of knowledge, the preservation, collection, and curation of knowledge, and the transformative nature of knowledge and its impact on societies. It is essential that the proposed research projects make use of historical methods and engage with the relevant historiography. The fellowship term begins September 1, 2018. The fellowship is open to both doctoral and postdoctoral scholars. The monthly stipend is € 2,000 for doctoral students and € 3,400 for postdoctoral scholars. In addition, fellowship recipients based in Europe will receive reimbursement for their round-trip airfare to the U.S. The next deadline for submission is December 1, 2017. For more information about applying and other GHI fellowships, please visit www.ghi-dc.org/fellowships.

Binational Research Tandem Program in the History of Knowledge and Knowledge Cultures

The GHI in cooperation with the BMW Center for German and European Studies at Georgetown University is now offering German and North American scholars the opportunity to develop binational research tandems which link up two academics, one from Germany and one from North America, to work on projects on the history of knowledge, ideally ones which focus on the development of transatlantic perspectives on the issues they examine, and contain productive areas of overlap either in their topics or in their conceptual frameworks. The program is designed for postdoctoral, mid-career, and established historians from Germany and North America with stipends ranging from €3,400 – €4,500/ month depending on seniority. Funding will be provided for a 12-month stay at the German Historical Institute Washington, DC. Starting in September 2018, the successful applicants will be in residence at the GHI and invited to participate in GHI activities and events. They will be expected to plan and convene a joint conference or workshop, which will be funded by the GHI, as well as to give a public lecture at Georgetown University. The next deadline for applications is August 1, 2017. For more information about applying and other GHI fellowships, please visit www.ghi-dc.org/fellowships.

First Issue of Open Access Journal Now Available

BJHS Themes editor Jon Agar and guest editors Jahnavi Phalkey and Tong Lam are delighted to announce that the first issue of this exciting new open access journal, entitled Science of Giants: China and India in the Twentieth Century, is now available in its entirety.

Articles in the issue include:

HPST&ST December Note

The December HPS&ST Note (the monthly newsletter of the Inter-divisional Teaching Commission of the International Union for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology) is available online. This issue’s contents includes:

  • IsisCB Cumulative 1913-1975
  • British Museum Group Journal
  • British Society for the History of Science Annual Conference 6-9 July 2017, University of York
  • The 28th Baltic Conference on the History of Science, May 18-20, 2017, Tartu, Estonia
  • World Humanities Conference, Liege, 6-12 August 2017
  • International History, Philosophy, and Science Teaching Group (IHPST) Conference Proposals
  • Opinion Page: Teach philosophy to heal our “post-truth” society, says the President of Ireland
  • Editorial Assistance Required
  • Recent HPS&ST Books and Research Articles
  • Coming HPS&ST-Related Conferences

This HPS&ST Monthly Note is sent to about 7,300 individuals who directly or indirectly have an interest in the connections of history and philosophy of science with theoretical, curricular, and pedagogical issues in science teaching, and/or interests in the promotion of more engaging and effective teaching of the history and philosophy of science.

Contributions to the Note (publications, conferences etc.) are welcome and should be sent directly to the editor: Michael R. Matthews, UNSW, m.matthews@unsw.edu.au.

HSS Report on the 3S Meeting at the University of Alberta, Edmonton, 22-25 June 2016

The 3-Societies Meeting for 2016 was hosted by the Canadian Society for the History and Philosophy of Science under Lesley Cormack’s leadership. Lesley is a Professor of History and also Dean of the Arts faculty at the University of Alberta, as well as (in June) President of the CSHPS, so she was an excellent choice for Conference Organizer. She did an exquisite job. The Chair of the Program Committee was Andrew Ede (U. Alberta) and society representatives on the Committee were Aileen Fyfe (BSHS) and Jole Shackelford (HSS). The conference was physically held on the University of Alberta North Campus, situated along the south bank of the meandering North Saskatchewan River, adjacent to the business district of the part of Edmonton that was once known as Varscona, an independent city. Varscona is a regenerating old Midwestern small-town downtown, teeming with young people at night, ethnic restaurants, good pubs, and a couple of classic small, mid-twentieth century hotels and re-purposed car dealerships. It is quite delightful and within a 20-minute walk of the conference venue.

The conference venue was not well located with respect to public transportation (for those who do not like a good hike), but then taxis are inexpensive by U.S. standards and the fares are regulated, so there is no funny business. The terrain is relatively flat and the weather was warm, so even the occasional light rain did not detract from a wonderful, midsummer meeting.

After accounting for no-shows, there were 163 papers presented (out of 171 placed in 54 session panels at the time the program was printed, not counting a topical roundtable or panel commentaries) and over 200 attendees from 18 countries. I was amazed to meet a mathematician from Holland, who was there simply out of curiosity about what the history of science is, combined with a desire to visit Canada! The official conference theme was “transitions,” but panels were organized around the usual topics one expects to find at a history of science conference, with only one panel focused specifically on (Western) Canadian science. There were three plenary keynote talks, one for each of the constituent societies: Erika Dyck (CSHPS) spoke on the history of eugenics in Canada, Aileen Fyfe (BSHS) on the publishing history behind the scenes at the Philosophical Transactions over the longue durée, and Larry Principe (HSS) on the use of experimental re-creation as a tool for historical research.

It was all in all a wonderful, intellectually engaging conference with a sense of informality that I cherish in the smaller, summer 3S meetings I have attended, which somehow seem to be less frantic and offer enhanced opportunities for one-on-one intellectual exchange as compared to the large society meetings, perhaps because they occur when there is no competition from teaching preparation and exam grading.

– Submitted by Jole Shackelford

ISHM Winter 2016 Newsletter

The latest ISHM Newsletter is available for download. This edition’s contents include information about the 9th Meeting in Beijing, China; the first announcement of the 46th Congress in Lisbon, Portugal, along with the forthcoming activities of members and the Affiliated Societies; calls for papers and calls for abstracts; exhibitions; online dissertations; recent publications; and a few interesting offers of fellowships in history of medicine.

Latest Dissertations – November 2016

The latest doctoral dissertations harvested from the issues 76-12 A and B of Dissertation Abstracts that pertain to the broad scope of the history of science are available for viewing at http://www.hsls.pitt.edu/histmed/dissertations.

Because ProQuest has begun downloading a large number of earlier dissertations from many institutions, a decision has been made to only include titles going back to 2015 in this database. Anyone who wants the complete list of titles on this topic should email Jonathon Erlen directly at erlen@pitt.edu.

Our thanks to John Erlen for assembling these titles.

Lawrence Memorial Award – 2016 Recipient

Mr. Andre Hahn, a student of Dr. Michael A. Osborne at the School of History, Philosophy, and Religion at Oregon State University is the recipient of the 2016 Lawrence Memorial Award. The proceeds of the award will help support Mr. Hahn’s travel for further archival and library research of Goethe’s influence on 20th-century plant morphologists.

Major Society Chemistry Publishers Jointly Commit to Integration with ORCID®

The Royal Society of Chemistry and the Publications Division of the American Chemical Society (ACS) each became signatories to the ORCID® Open Letter, reasserting the commitment of both organizations to enhancing the scholarly publishing experience for researchers worldwide who are involved in chemistry and allied fields.

The commitment by these two global chemistry publishers to undertake new workflow integration with technology infrastructure provided by ORCID®, a not-for-profit organization that provides unique identifiers for researchers and scholars, will enable both societies to provide unambiguous designation of author names within chemistry and across the broader sciences. This partnership with ORCID® will resolve ambiguity in researcher identification caused by name changes, cultural differences in name presentation, and the inconsistent use of name abbreviations that is too often a source of confusion for those who must rely on the published scientific record.

By becoming signatories to the ORCID® Open Letter, these two major chemical societies are voicing their intent to collect ORCID®iDs for all submitting authors through use of the ORCID® API, and to display such identifiers in the articles published in their respective society journals. The integration of such activities within the publishers’ workflows means authors will benefit from automated linkages between their ORCID® record and unique identifiers embedded within their published research articles, ensuring their contributions are appropriately recognized and credited.

About the American Chemical Society and the Royal Society of Chemistry

The American Chemical Society is a nonprofit organization chartered by the U.S. Congress. With nearly 157,000 members, ACS is the world’s largest scientific society and a global leader in providing access to chemistry-related research through its multiple databases, peer reviewed journals, and scientific conferences. Its main offices are in Washington, D.C., and Columbus, Ohio.

The Royal Society of Chemistry is the world’s leading chemistry community, advancing excellence in the chemical sciences. With over 50,000 members, we are the U.K.’s professional body for chemical scientists; a not-for-profit organization with 175 years of history and an international vision for the future. We promote, support, and celebrate chemistry. We work to shape the future of the chemical sciences—for the benefit of science and humanity.

About ORCID®

ORCID®’s vision is a world where all who participate in research, scholarship and innovation are uniquely identified and connected to their contributions across disciplines, borders and time. ORCID®provides an identifier for individuals to use with their name as they engage in research, scholarship and innovation activities. It provides open tools that enable transparent and trustworthy connections between researchers, their contributions and affiliations. The organization provides this service to help people find information and to simplify reporting and analysis. ORCID® is a not-for-profit organization, sustained by fees from member organizations. Its work is open, transparent and non-proprietary. The organization strives to be a trusted component of research infrastructure with the goal of providing clarity in the breadth of research contributions and the people who make them.

To automatically receive news releases from the American Chemical Society, contact newsroom@acs.org.

NASA Glenn Research Center Dedicates Lewis Field Historic District Markers

In recognition of Lewis Field’s recently established historic district, NASA’s Glenn Research Center hosted an Historic District Marker Dedication Ceremony on 5 Oct 2016.

Lewis Field’s designation as an historic district celebrates NASA Glenn’s tremendous past accomplishments in aircraft propulsion, space flight propulsion, aircraft and space flight safety, and aerospace materials research. The event featured remarks from Glenn’s senior leaders, a video presentation on the center’s history and a dedication of the newly placed historic district markers.

“The historic district honors the dedication of past leaders such as George Lewis and Abe Silverstein and acknowledges the accomplishments of the many scientists, engineers, technicians and staff that made these advances possible,” said Janet Watkins, NASA Glenn associate director.

Lewis Field originally opened in 1941 as part of the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics
and has a long history of innovation and success. The historic district is currently eligible for listing
on the National Register of Historic Places.

For more information about Glenn, visit: www.nasa.gov/glenn

NDXIII: 13th Biennial History of Astronomy Workshop, 5-9 July 2017

The Thirteenth Biennial History of Astronomy Workshop (NDXIII) will be held at the University of Notre Dame, Indiana, and will include a one-day trip to the Adler Planetarium in Chicago.

Call for Proposals

The organizers will accept proposals both for papers and sessions. Single papers will probably have to be 15–20 minutes in length, depending upon the number of submissions. Organized sessions, with multiple papers addressing a particular question or theme, can contain papers of longer length, but must incorporate significant time for discussion. Proposals for papers should include a title and a one-paragraph abstract; session proposals should identify all presenters, as well as titles, along with a one-paragraph abstract for each presenter. Proposals from graduate students and recent PhDs are especially welcomed.

Proposals, including a one-page CV for all presenters, should be sent by 1 March 2017, to Elizabeth Hamm at elizabeth.hamm@stmarys-ca.edu. All submissions will be shared with the organizing committee: Stephen Case, Jacqueline Feke, Elizabeth Hamm, Pedro Raposo, and Sarah J. Reynolds. Final decisions on paper and session acceptance are planned for April 1. All presenters will be expected to register for the workshop and pay the registration fee; questions about local arrangements should be addressed to Matt Dowd at mdowd1@nd.edu. If you wish to propose a paper or session making use of items in the Adler Planetarium collections, please contact curator Pedro Raposo at praposo@adlerplanetarium.org prior to submitting a proposal. To search the collections, please go to adlerplanetarium.org/collections.

Theme: Models and Mechanisms in the History of Astronomy

Models and mechanisms have played an important role throughout the history of astronomy, both as physical devices and as conceptual entities. In exploring this workshop theme, we invite you to consider such questions as: What do we know about historical astronomical models and mechanisms, including their origins, development, and abandonment? How have physical models and mechanistic devices influenced major developments in astronomy and related fields? How have mental models and mechanistic thinking shaped astronomical concepts and explanations? As in previous years, we expect that the theme can encompass a number of different time periods and geographical locations. Proposals that directly address the theme will receive preferential treatment.

NEH Grants August 2016

Many of the grants for the National Endowment for the Humanities were awarded to projects relating to the history of science. For a complete list of grant awards, please visit neh.gov.

Grant awards include:

Computer History Museum Outright: $40,000, California

  • [Sustaining Cultural Heritage Collections]
  • Project Director: Nina Fairles
  • Project Title: Improvement Plan for the Long-Term Preservation of Computer History Museum Collections
  • Project Description: A planning project to hire an objects conservator and an engineering consulting firm to evaluate optimal environmental parameters in buildings housing the largest international collection of computing artifacts in the world.

Steven Horst Outright: $50,400, Connecticut

  • [Public Scholar Program]
  • Wesleyan University
  • Project Title: Exorcizing Laplace’s Demon
  • Project Description: Preparation for publication of a book that examines the story of early modern science to demonstrate the compatibility involving science, humanism, and theism.

National Academy of Sciences Outright: $300,000, Washington, DC

  • [Cooperative Agreements and Special Projects (Education)]
  • Project Director: Tom Rudin (project director)
  • Project Title: National Academy of Sciences Study of Humanities, Arts, and STEM Integrated Education
  • Project Description: A two-year study of the impact on higher education students of the integration of the humanities and the arts with the sciences, technology, engineering, and math.

Matthew Klingle Outright: $50,400, Maine

  • [Public Scholar Program]
  • Bowdoin College
  • Project Title: Sweet Blood: Diabetes and the Nature of Health in America
  • Project Description: Research and writing leading to publication of a book on the history of diabetes in America from the late nineteenth century to the present.

Columbia University Outright: $320,000, New York

  • [Scholarly Editions and Translations]
  • Project Directors: Pamela Smith and Marc Smith
  • Project Title: Craft Techniques and Knowledge Systems in a 16th-Century Artist’s Manuscript: An Open-Access Critical Edition and Translation
  • Project Description: Preparation of an online open-access critical edition and translation of a 16th-century manuscript of an artist’s recipes for painting and metalworking techniques and observations on scientific processes.

New Issue of Setting the Record Straight on “Wasteful Research” Now Available!

The latest issue of Setting the Record Straight on “Wasteful Research” is available for viewing. It includes a series of interviews with researchers whose work has been called out in Congressional wastebooks or other attacks. The goal of the issue is to give these scientists the chance to set the record straight about the value and potential of their work and confront misconceptions about social science research funded by the federal government. This edition features Megan Tracy (James Madison University), whose National Science Foundation-funded study on regulations in China’s dairy industry was one of the targets of Lamar Smith’s inquiry into NSF grants in 2013 and 2014. You may have seen that Senator Lankford released a new “Federal Fumbles” wastebook earlier this week, which ridicules several NSF and NIH grants. It is hoped that this publication will continue to serve as a reminder that the people behind these competitive grants are conducting good science.

A Note from the American Historical Association

An unusually bitter and divisive election has been followed by continuing evidence of polarization to the point of harassment seldom seen in recent American history. Historians can say with confidence that this is not our nation’s finest hour. Language previously relegated to the margins has moved out of the shadows, emboldening elements of American society less interested in a more perfect union than in division and derision.

Historians should, as part of our work, explore the multiple factors that have shaped this new terrain. The American Historical Association encourages that scholarship, but at the same time condemns the language and harassment that have charred the American landscape in recent weeks.

The AHA is chartered by the U.S. Congress to promote the study of history in the United States. To advance this goal, the association has agreed on shared standards, including an emphasis on mutual respect and reasoned discourse—the ongoing conversation among historians holding diverse points of view and who learn from each other. A commitment to such discourse— balancing fair and honest criticism with inclusive practices and openness to different ideas—makes possible the fruitful exchange of views, opinions, and knowledge.

The American Historical Association reaffirms its commitment to mutual respect, reasoned discourse, and appreciation for humanity in its full variety. We will strive to demonstrate these values in all aspects of practice, including in our roles as teachers, researchers, and citizens.

Publication of Greek Medical Manuscripts

Alain Touwaide is pleased to announce the publication of his census of Greek medical manuscripts, from Byzantium to the Renaissance.

His next project will be to catalogue each and every manuscript according to standard catalographic protocols.