April 2017 News From the Profession

News from the Profession Human Genome Research Opportunity

The Library & Archives at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), New York, (on the North Shore of Long Island) would like to draw your attention to an important new resource for anyone studying the history and philosophy of modern science.

The Human Genome Project: An Annotated & Interactive Scholarly Guide to the Project in the United States is a comprehensive reference e-book on the history of sequencing human DNA. The Scholarly Guide, in both its Wiki and e-book formats, is available at this link: http://library.cshl.edu/Guide-to-HGP/

CSHL invites you to share the Scholarly Guide with colleagues or students whom it might benefit. To make this resource more widely available, CSHL also invites you to post a link to the Guide on any website, newsletter, or directory of links.

Produced by the CSHL Library & Archives, the Scholarly Guide will prove to be a critical research tool for historians and other scholars of the biological sciences who wish to learn more about this watershed event for scientific discovery.

The Guide contains historical information on the people, places, and institutions that contributed to the Human Genome Project in the United States, which lasted from 1990 to 2003. This information is organized in an easily navigable format, with extensive interlinking for ease of reference. For further information, contact Robert Wargas, rwargas@cshl.edu.

ACLS Collaborative Research Fellowships

The American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) is pleased to announce the recipients of the 2017 Collaborative Research Fellowships. The program, which is funded by The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, supports small teams of scholars as they research and coauthor a major scholarly product. The nine teams funded this year represent a broad range of institutions and include scholars at different stages of their careers working together as well as collaborations across disciplines.

“The teams that make up this year’s cohort of Collaborative Research Fellows exemplify the program’s aim of supporting scholars whose collaborations produce knowledge that their individual research would not,” said ACLS Director of Fellowship Programs Matthew Goldfeder. “These collaborations transcend disciplines, institutions, time periods, or geographic regions (and, in some cases, all four) to shape new understandings of our world.”

This year’s projects combine expertise in a broad array of fields such as music, geography, philosophy, literature, and history. Each team plans to take advantage of the collaboration to employ more diverse research methodologies, examine larger bodies of evidence than would be possible for a single scholar, and analyze their evidence from multiple perspectives. The following project in the philosophy of science was one of the awardees:

In The Problem of Bodies from Newton to Kant, philosophers Katherine Brading (University of Notre Dame) and Marius Stan (Boston College) identify a lacuna: by 1700 neither metaphysics nor mathematical physics were able to produce a coherent and robust notion of the body. By assessing the various attempts of philosophers and scientific theory builders to address this issue, this project shows why philosophy and physics diverged during the Enlightenment.

More information on this year’s nine funded projects and research teams is available. Contact: Matthew Goldfeder, mgoldfeder@acls.org, 212-697-1505 x124

Nominations Sought for SHOT Dibner Award

The Society for the History of Technology (SHOT) seeks nominations for the 2017 Dibner Award to recognize excellence in museums and museum exhibits that interpret the history of technology, industry, and engineering to the general public. Nominations are due by 1 May 2017, and exhibits must have been open to the public for no more than 24 months before that date. Complete information is available at:
http://www.historyoftechnology.org/about_us/awards/dibner.html

Frederick Burkhardt Residential Fellowships for Recently Tenured Scholars

The American Council of Learned Societies is pleased to announce the 2017 Frederick Burkhardt Residential Fellows. With these awards, the Burkhardt Fellowship program now has supported more than 200 recently tenured faculty as they pursue ambitious scholarship at a consequential stage of their careers. The program is made possible by the generous assistance of The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. The fellowships are named for the late Frederick Burkhardt, president emeritus of ACLS, whose decades of work on The Correspondence of Charles Darwin constitute a signal example of dedication to a demanding and ambitious scholarly enterprise.

Burkhardt Fellowships, which carry a $95,000 stipend and a $7,500 research budget, allow awardees to take up year-long residencies at institutions whose resources and scholarly communities are ideally suited to facilitate the proposed research project. One set of awards, which is open to recently tenured faculty at all US-based colleges and universities, supports residencies at 13 national and international research centers that partner with ACLS for this program. Another set of awards, reserved for faculty from liberal arts colleges, enables fellows to carry out their residencies at any research university-based humanities center or academic department in the United States. Fellows may take up their award in any of the next three academic years.

The 2017 Fellows whose work may be of interest to HSS members include the following:

  • Renee Lynn Beard (Associate Professor of Sociology and Anthropology, College of the Holy Cross) Listening to Early Alzheimer’s Disease (LEAD): Experiences over Time – Gerontology Institute at the University of Massachusetts, Boston in 2017-2018
  • Daniela Bleichmar (Associate Professor of Art History and History, University of Southern California) The Itinerant Lives of Painted Books: Mexican Codices and Transatlantic Knowledge in the Early Modern World – Huntington Library in 2018-2019.
  • Tait Keller (Associate Professor of History, Rhodes College) Green and Grim: A Global Environmental History of the First World War – National Humanities Center in 2017-2018.
  • Julia B. Rosenbaum (Associate Professor of History of Art, Bard College) Unruly Bodies?: Portraying Science and Citizenry in Post-Civil War America – Charles Warren Center for American History at Harvard University in 2019-2020.
  • Tamara Venit-Shelton (Associate Professor of History, Claremont McKenna College) Herbs and Roots: A History of Chinese Medicine in the United States – Huntington-USC Institute on California and the West at the University of Southern California in 2017-2018.

National Academy of Sciences’ New Publication

The National Academy has launched a new series titled From Research to Reward. Focusing on the history of scientific discovery, From Research to Reward uses articles and videos to provide examples of how advances in our understanding of natural processes often lead to remarkable benefits for society. The series focuses on how support of scientific research is vital to improving the world. As historians of science know better than most, not all research will have practical implications at first glance, but such research can produce benefits that no one predicted. And those benefits can pay for the initial investment many times over.

You can see the From Research to Reward series at www.nasonline.org/r2r.

EASTM: New Special Issue #43 Published

The first volume of a special issue on “Numerical Tables and Tabular Layouts in Chinese Scholarly Documents—Part I: On the Work to Produce Tables and the Meaning of their Format” #43 of the Journal of East Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine is published and available online at www.eastm.org.

Summer School: “Borders and Crises in European Past and Present”

The Tensions of Europe Early Career Scholars’ Group organizes the summer school “Borders and Crises in European Past and Present—Angles from the history of technology” in connection with the 8th Tensions of Europe Conference (Athens, 7-10 September 2017; see http://8toe2017.phs.uoa.gr/).

The summer school introduces PhDs and early career scholars to the Tensions of Europe network, as well as facilitates and encourages networks between young scholars across borders, while building their academic skills. The summer school further relates to the overall conference theme, problematizing how history of technology contributes to the study of border related phenomena. It aims at revisiting the close connections between borders and technology by focusing at another keyword, which is related to the on-going discussion of the Tensions of Europe future research agenda: crises. Following the main objective of the Tensions of Europe Early Career Scholars’ Group, the event focuses on network-building through workshops, discussions, and informal events.

Schedule and Structure

In order to promote network building, the summer school is organized to a large extent around workshops and group discussion. The expected schedule of the summer school will include one lecture, one session for introductions, one workshop on writing and publication, one session on funding, one session co-organized with the “Borders, Technology, Peace” Pre-Conference Meeting (to be confirmed), one workshop on the topic of crises, and two sessions connecting these activities and discussions to the Tensions network and its research agenda.

How to Apply

In order to participate, we invite applicants to submit a short bio (no more than one page) and a short text (300-500 words) explaining their interest in the topics of the summer school and how their work would benefit from these discussions.

Proposals should be sent until 30 April 2017 to len.kochetkova@gmail.com (Elena Kochetkova).

In the beginning of the summer, participants will be asked to read texts and write short contributions for the workshops. The deadline for submitting these contributions will also be communicated to the participants at that time.

Location and Other Practicalities

The summer school will take place in Athens, on the 5th and the 7th of September, in the seminar room in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, and on the 6th of September it is expected to take place in Delphi, as part of the “Borders, Technology, Peace” Pre-Conference Meeting (see http://8toe2017.phs.uoa.gr/affiliated-events.html) (to be confirmed).

Participants are expected to be on-site, but in some of the sessions, we might also be able to include a few on-line participants. Those who apply for that option should include that in their application. As usual, the Tensions of Europe network will offer travel grants to conference participants. To apply for these travel grants, the summer school participants will also have to attend the conference. See more on travel grants at http://8toe2017.phs.uoa.gr/travel-grants.html

Anna Åberg, Elena Kochetkova, M. Luísa Sousa
and Elitsa Stoilova, on behalf of the Tensions of
Europe Early Career Scholars’ Group

Center for Oral History Training Institute

12-16 June 2017

The Center for Oral History (COH) at the Chemical Heritage Foundation is proud to provide training to individuals interested in learning oral history and research interview methodologies. For one week, the director and the staff of the COH work with scholars and researchers who are planning or have started research that has interviewing as a core component.

The Chemical Heritage Foundation has been conducting interviews for over thirty years, and is one of the only institutions in the United States to focus its work on oral histories of scientists. During this week individuals are introduced to all aspects of the interview process, including general oral history theory and methodology; interviewing techniques and performing mock interviews; legal and ethical issues; transcription practices; archiving; recording equipment and its use; data management; and other relevant topics. Interested participants are encouraged to bring their research ideas to the workshop. While the scope of the training workshop will be viewed through a STEM lens, this workshop is open to all researchers interested in oral history and preserving the unwritten past.

Our summer training institute will start on 12 June 2017. There is no cost to attend the training workshop, however, registration is required. Please visit www.chemheritage.org/OHtraining for more information or contact:

Samantha Blatt
Program Assistant, Center for Oral History
Chemical Heritage Foundation
315 Chestnut Street
Philadelphia, PA. 19106
(215) 873-8242
sblatt@chemheritage.org

“Quantum Leap” – An Indiana Humanities Program

Indiana Humanities has launched a new multiyear initiative called Quantum Leap. “Together we’ll explore the spirit of possibility and problem-solving when we bridge the humanities with STEM.” Find out more at http://quantumleap.indianahumanities.org/.

Call for Proposals: Interdisciplinary Science Reviews (1976–)

Interdisciplinary Science Reviews (ISR) is a quarterly journal that aims to set contemporary and historical developments in the natural and social sciences, engineering, and technology in their social and cultural contexts and to illuminate their interrelations with the humanities and arts. Much more is said about ISR’s intellectual project in an editorial that appeared in the journal at the beginning of last year.

Most of ISR’s issues are devoted to specific though wide-ranging themes; approximately one issue per year is for unsolicited essays. Examples of the thematic issues from the recent past are the Two Cultures Debate (41.2-3), Software and Scholarship (40.4), Theatre and Science (39.3), Master and Servant in Technoscience (37.4), and Computational Picturing (37.1). In 2010 ISR devoted a double-issue to the work of the historian of ancient science G.E.R Lloyd (35.3-4, freely downloadable). It included an essay by Lloyd, “History and human nature,” to which 15 colleagues responded. For 2018 a similar double-issue on the work of anthropologist Tim Ingold is currently underway.

The thematic issues are guest-edited; some of them take on a life of their own and become reference points in the fields they address.

The call: Interdisciplinary Engineering.

On behalf of ISR allow me to issue this call for proposals, in the first instance on the topic of engineering with the emphasis on knowing through making and on world-building. Computationally orientated contributions would be welcome, but the aim should be to include a wide range of philosophical, historical, biological, and anthropological disciplines. Hands-on,
embodied, motile, experimental, and exploratory perspectives would be most welcome. Whatever our academic paymasters may say, editing such an issue offers a significant opportunity—as well as a not insignificant amount of work. Experience suggests, however, that such burdens are light.

ISR is completely booked until late 2019, so there is time to find contributors, negotiate with them, and manage their submissions. If you are interested please write to Willard McCarty (willard.mccarty@mccarty.org.uk). A proposal should be no more than 2 pages in length. Kindly include a c.v. or URL.

Workshop: Race, Sex, and Reproduction in the Global South, c.1800-2000 (Sydney, 18-19 April 2017)

An international workshop at the University of Sydney, 18-19 April 2017

Conveners: Warwick Anderson (Sydney), Chiara Beccalossi (Lincoln), Hans Pols (Sydney)
Sponsored by Race and Ethnicity in the Global 
South, an ARC Laureate Research Program, and the Sydney Centre for the Foundations of Science.

Biomedical scientists grew preoccupied with the size of the population and patterns of reproduction at the beginning of the nineteenth century. By its close, sexology, a science devoted to the study of human sexual behavior, emerged, and at the beginning of the twentieth century the eugenics movement advocated active social engineering and state intervention in citizens’ reproductive sexuality. This medical attention to reproduction and sexual behavior has been closely intertwined with interest in evolutionary theories, the improvement of hereditary traits and racial differences. Scientific and pseudoscientific inquiries into race and sexuality increasingly informed national policies in the modern period. The medical and scientific knowledge on race and sexuality has moved across countries and continents to become global through processes of translation, hybridization, and transculturation. However, historical accounts of how science and medicine have shaped modern ideas of race and sexuality in a global context often refer only to developments in the Global North. Recent histories of the Global South have shown that debates on race and reproduction in the southern hemisphere have their own history. Biomedical scientists in the southern hemisphere, for instance, showed greater interest in racial plasticity, environmental adaptation, mixing or miscegenation, and blurring of racial boundaries; sexologists in the Global South were more likely to cross disciplinary boundaries, incorporating criminal anthropology, psychiatry, biology, endocrinology, and psychoanalysis in their studies until well into the 1970s.

Keynote speakers

Alison Bashford (Cambridge), Margaret Jolly (ANU)

Presenters

Ellen Amster (McMaster), Chiara Beccalossi (Lincoln), Shrikant Botre (Warwick), Nicole Bourbonnais (Graduate Institute Geneva), Eve Buckley (Delaware), Sarah Ferber (Wollongong), Vera Mackie (Wollongong), Daksha Parmar (Jawaharlal Nehru), Yolana Pringle (Cambridge), Lisa Todd (New Brunswick), Rebecca Williams (Exeter)

Dr. James Dunk, james.dunk@sydney.edu.auT +61 2 9351 2809

Science and Religion Summer School

The Institute of Historical Research of the National Hellenic Research Foundation is pleased to announce the organization of the Summer School on “Science and Religion” from 5 to 10 June 2017 in collaboration with the Orthodox Academy of Crete.

The one-week intensive Summer School will take place on the island of Crete in Greece and aims to provide participants with knowledge of the history of the relations between Christianity and science as well as with an in-depth knowledge of the relations between Orthodox Christianity and science. The school is intended for undergraduates, postgraduate students, and PhD candidates, as well as researchers in the fields of Religion, Science, History, Philosophy, Technology, Didactics, Theology, and anyone having a scientific interest in the interconnection between religion and science.

Technology’s Stories: New Issue on Reproductive Technologies

The Society for the History of Technology (SHOT) has an open-access project called Technology’s Stories. They’ve just done a major redesign and are launching a new issue on reproductive technologies. You can find the site here: www.technologystories.org.

NEH Grants in the History of Science

The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) has awarded $16.3 million in grants for 290 projects around the country that will support humanities-based research and programs. Eight of these grants will support projects in the history of science.

Fellowships for University Teachers

  • Florida State University
    Outright Grant: $50,400
    Project Director: Meegan Kennedy Hanson
    Project Title: The Microscope and the Language of Wonder in Victorian Literature
  • University of Notre Dame
    Outright Grant: $50,400
    Project Director: Sean Kelsey
    Project Title: Aristotle’s Soul: Essays on the Classical Scientific Treatise, De Anima
  • Northeastern University
    Outright Grant: $50,400
    Project Director: Benjamin Schmidt
    Project Title: Creating Data: The Invention of Information in the 19th-Century American State
  • Miami University, Oxford
    Outright Grant: $50,400
    Project Director: Michele Navakas
    Project Title: 19th-century Literary and Scientific Inquiry on the Nature of Marine Life
  • University of Pennsylvania
    Outright Grant: $50,400
    Project Director: John Tresch
    Project Title: Poet Edgar Allan Poe and the Forging of American Science
  • University of Washington
    Outright Grant: $50,400
    Project Director: Linda Nash
    Project Title: American Engineers and Hydroelectric Development Projects in the U.S. and Afghanistan

Cooperative Agreements and Special Projects (Public Programs)

  • WGBH Educational Foundation
    Outright Grant: $800,000
    Project Director: Mark Samels
    Project Title: American Experience: Documentary Films on Science
  • WNET
    Outright Grant: $800,000
    Project Director: Michael Kantor
    Project Title: American Masters of Science: Two Documentaries on James Watson and Oliver Sacks

First Issue Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science

From Ana Carolina Vimieiro Gomes, Department of History, UFMG, Brazil

We are pleased to announce the first issue of the new journal Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science.  This first publication is titled “Ludwik Fleck’s Theory of Thought Styles and Thought Collectives: Translations and Receptions.”

Please view or download the full issue at: historiographyofscience.org

Seeking Encyclopedia Entrees: “Inventions and Technology in World History”

On behalf of ABC-CLIO, I am editing Inventions and Technology in World History: An Encyclopedia of Technological Developments from Prehistory to the Space Age. At the moment I have about 40 unassigned entries for which I seek contributors. Entries, focusing on an invention or inventor, total 1000 to 2000 words with an average length of 1500 words. I offer a small honorarium for contributions. Interested parties should send a CV to Chris Cumo, PhD, at ccumo@juno.com.

Article on Fake Scholar Meetings and Journals

Those in academia may be interested in the 29 Dec 2016 New York Times article on fake scholarly meetings and journals by Kevin Carey.

Submit a Proposal for the 2018 AAAS Annual Meeting

Propose a session for the 2018 AAAS Annual Meeting in Austin, Texas. Scientific session and career development workshop proposals are now being accepted.

  • Deadline for Scientific Session Proposals:
    20 April 2017
  • Deadline for Career Development Workshop Proposals:
    27 April 2017

The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Annual Meeting brings together thousands of leading scientists, engineers, educators, policymakers, and science communicators from around the world to discuss recent developments in science and technology.

The 2018 meeting theme—Advancing Science: Discovery to Application—highlights the critical roles of academia, government, and industry in moving ideas into innovations. How can we encourage broader collaboration across the scientific enterprise to meet today’s needs and to help invent the future?

Please consider submitting a proposal to present your research to the multidisciplinary community of AAAS Annual Meeting attendees. This is a unique opportunity to speak across sectors and disciplines, and amplify the impact of your work.

If you have any questions, please contact us at meetings@aaas.org or (202) 326-6450.

Students NB

The AAAS Section L for the History and Philosophy of Science is pleased to announce travel support for graduate students who present at the 2018 annual meeting. Graduate students who are on the program of the 2018 AAAS annual meeting are eligible for $300-$400 in travel support. Graduate students are to contact the Section L Secretary Melinda Gormley at mgormley@uci.edu with requests and questions.

Proposals for sessions and flash talks are due 20 April 2017. The AAAS meeting hosts a student poster competition and the portal will open on 13 July 2017.

HPS&ST Note

HPS&ST Note is the monthly newsletter of the Inter-divisional Teaching Commission of the International Union for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology. The latest issue (along with earlier editions) can be found at: http://www.idtc-iuhps.com/hpsst-note.html

The commission sends the Note to about 7,300 individuals who directly or indirectly have an interest in the connections of history and philosophy of science with theoretical, curricular, and pedagogical issues in science teaching, and/or interests in the promotion of more engaging and effective teaching of the history and philosophy of science. The Note is also sent to different HPS lists and to science education lists.

The Note seeks to serve the diverse international community of HPS&ST scholars and teachers by disseminating information about events and publications that connect to HPS&ST concerns. It is an information list, not a discussion list.

Contributions to the Note (publications, conferences, Opinion Page, etc.) are welcome and should be sent to the editor: Michael R. Matthews, UNSW, m.matthews@unsw.edu.au.