Vol. 43, No. 2, April 2014
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News from the Profession
Wendy A. Naus Appointed Executive Director of COSSA
The Consortium of Social Science Associations (COSSA), with which HSS has been a long-time partner, has announced the appointment of Wendy A. Naus as the new COSSA Executive Director. Ms. Naus assumed her position on 1 January 2014, replacing Howard J. Silver, who retired from COSSA at the end of 2013 after 30 years of service to the social science community.
A seasoned federal relations professional, Ms. Naus comes to COSSA from Lewis-Burke Associates LLC, a Washington, D.C. lobbying firm where since 2004 she represented the federal policy and research interests of national scientific associations and leading U.S. research universities. Over the last decade, Ms. Naus has worked to promote federal policies and legislation important to social and behavioral scientists, advocated for sustained funding for social science research and training programs at the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, and other federal agencies, and engaged with Congress, federal agencies, and the broader scientific community to promote the value of federally-funded social science. In addition to her policy expertise in social science, Ms. Naus’ knowledge extends to federal policy and research programs related to biomedical research and environmental science across the federal government.
Ms. Naus has achieved several legislative, regulatory, and profile-raising successes on behalf of clients, including most recently the creation and funding of a new $10 million training grants program at the Department of Health and Human Services aimed at increasing the number of competently-prepared health professionals working in the area of mental health. In addition, Ms. Naus has worked to engage scientists directly in the public policy process by facilitating grassroots advocacy campaigns and identifying opportunities for researchers to serve as experts, such as opportunities to provide testimony and serve on influential federal boards and committees. In addition, she has designed and implemented countless advocacy training programs focused on assisting researchers in developing messages that will resonate with policy audiences about the importance of their science.
“I’m thrilled to be joining COSSA at this critical point in time for social science,” says Ms. Naus. “COSSA’s greatest asset is its members, which includes some of the best minds across social science fields. Advocacy for social and behavioral science requires that we harness that intellectual capital to make the best possible case for the value of our science to policy audiences.” In her new role, Ms. Naus will represent the collective federal policy interests of COSSA’s more than 100 member institutions and organizations before Congress, federal agencies, and the broader scientific community, and articulate to these audiences the value of social science in tackling issues of national importance. A native of Buffalo, New York, Ms. Naus holds a BA in political science and urban studies from Canisius College, graduating magna cum laude.
COSSA began in the late 1960s as an informal group of social science associations that met to exchange information and discuss common problems. In May 1981, the disciplinary associations, responding to disproportionately large budget cuts proposed by the new Reagan Administration for the social and behavioral sciences at the National Science Foundation (NSF), used the informal COSSA collaboration to establish a Washington-based advocacy effort. The HSS has been a member organization of COSSA for many years.
With strong support from the Social Science Research Council (SSRC) and from major universities, the Consortium was launched in May 1981. Recruited from the SSRC staff, historian Roberta Balstad Miller led the defense of these sciences. Successful in mitigating the budget cuts, COSSA was incorporated in 1982 as a 501(c)(6) organization by ten disciplinary-based social/behavioral science associations. For further information, go to http://www.cossa.org/index.shtml.
ANB Seeking Nominations
The American National Biography, published by Oxford University Press under the auspices of the American Council of Learned Societies, is seeking nominations of significant figures in United States history for inclusion in the online edition of the reference work. We would like to see nominations of scientists, and we wish to bolster the coverage of recently deceased figures as well as add people who were not included in the print volumes or recent online updates. We are particularly interested in including subjects who would increase the overall diversity of the ANB.
To express interest in writing an entry or to nominate subjects for potential inclusion in the ANB, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org. In addition, if you have a field of expertise and are interested in writing an entry, let us know and we will try to find a suitable subject for you. To learn more about writing an ANB entry, please visit https://www.anb.org/contributors.html. If you do not have access to the ANB, you may search here to find out who is already included:http://oxfordindex.oup.com/browse?product_0=ANB. To search for an individual, enter his or her name in the top right search field, hit return, and then update your results by scrolling down and checking the box for “American National Biography” on the right side of the screen.
About the ANB:
The American National Biography offers portraits of more than 18,700 men and women-from all eras and walks of life—whose lives have shaped the nation. Published in 24 volumes in 1999, the American National Biography won instant acclaim as the new authority in American biographies. Winner of the American Library Association’s Dartmouth Medal as the best reference work of the year, the ANB now serves readers in thousands of school, public, and academic libraries around the world. The publication of the online edition makes the ANB even more useful as a dynamic source of information—updated semi-annually, with new entries and revisions of previously published entries to enhance their accuracy and currency.
Top Five Isis Article Winner
Members may recall that Chicago Press asked us to name the top five articles in Isis in celebration of last year’s Isis centennial. UCP received many entries, which were eligible for a drawing to win a replica of a Leeuwenhoek microscope (in support of the Museum Boerhaave). We wish to congratulate Giancarlo Truffa of Milan whose name was chosen. To see which articles you voted as best, please go to:http://www.press.uchicago.edu/journals/isis/topfive.html?journal=isis.
News from Darwin Symposium
Donald Forsdyke (Queen’s University, Canada) reports that the poetry of Charles Darwin’s research associate, George John Romanes, is now likely to receive more attention through the work of John David Pleins, a professor of Religious Studies at Santa Clara University (Bloomsbury Press, forthcoming). Forsdyke and Pleins both contributed to a symposium “Science and Seeking: Rethinking the God Question in the Lab, Cosmos, and Classroom,” held at Santa Clara on February 28th. Forsdyke spoke on “The Lineage of Evolutionary Biology and George John Romanes.” Pleins spoke on “The Loss of Unbelief and George John Romanes.” For details see:http://www.scu.edu/ic/bannan/2013-14/winter.cfm?b=474&c=16625. Video-tapes of the talks may be accessed at:http://www.scu.edu/ic/publications/videos.cfm.
The International History and Philosophy of Science Teaching Group’s February newsletter is available online at http://ihpst.net/newsletters/.
CFP: Special Issue of Gene: Historical Medical Genetics II
The history surrounding genetic disorders will always be of interest to both the medical community and the general public. It is important to appreciate how clinical discoveries were first made and reported, as this may provide insight into our current understanding of various diseases and conditions. Furthermore, descriptions of well-known individuals possibly affected by a disease may elucidate the medical basis for any characteristic features that they exhibited. Articles should therefore appeal to both a general medical and non-medical audience.
For this special issue, we invite submissions that deal with exciting reports regarding genetic and non-infectious diseases. Topics include (but are not limited to) the following:
- Cases of genetic diseases and their occurrences amongst well known individuals or in literature and the arts
- Early descriptions of genetic disorders, including presentation of index cases
- History of genetic diseases, including reviews of early scientific literature
Please refer to the journal’s Guide for Authors for specific advice on how to prepare a paper. Papers must be submitted electronically via the Elsevier Editorial System (EES) site for the journal—http://ees.elsevier.com/gene as indicated in the timelines (select SI Historical Medical Genetics II). Closing date for submissions is31 May 2014. Any inquiries regarding the content of papers should be submitted to Dr. Christopher Murgatroyd (C.Murgatroyd@mmu.ac.uk).
Call for Proposals and Manuscripts in History and Philosophy of Science
The University of Pittsburgh Press, in a partnership supported by The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation in an ongoing initiative to support innovative research, is seeking new books to significantly expand its list in history and philosophy of science: to amplify its strong backlist in philosophy of science and dramatically expand its list into fresh areas of promising historical research. Historical titles that are globally informed and that reach across traditional disciplinary boundaries are especially welcome. The Press invites proposals that explore scientific thought and practice in any culture during any era.
Funded by a major grant from the Mellon Foundation, this expansion is undertaken in partnership with Pitt’s Department of History and Philosophy of Science and the Department of History’s World History Center. In addition to producing books, the Press and its partners are cooperating in a number of activities to bolster the acquisitions program, including guest lectures, conferences, and fellowships.
Both experienced and new authors are strongly encouraged to submit proposals for new books and potential book series. If you would like to make a submission, have suggestions, or need further information on the initiative, please contact Abby Collier, acquisitions editor, at email@example.com or 412-383-3174.
Additional information on manuscript submission is available on our website:http://www.upress.pitt.edu/forAuthors.aspx.
New Book Series: European Studies in Philosophy of Science
This new series, published by Springer, results from a joint effort of EPSA—European Philosophy of Science Association—and PSE—Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective: ESF Networking Programme (2008-2013). It continues the aims of the PSE-Springer series “The Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective” and is meant to give a new impetus to European research in the philosophy of science.
The main purpose of the series is to provide a publication platform to young researchers working in Europe, who will thus be encouraged to publish in English and make their work internationally known and available.
In addition, the series will host the EPSA conference proceedings, selected papers coming from workshops, edited volumes on specific issues in the philosophy of science, monographs and outstanding Ph.D. dissertations. There will be a special emphasis on philosophy of science originating from Europe. In all cases there will be a commitment to high standards of quality.
The Editors will be assisted by an Editorial Board of renowned scholars, who will advise on the selection of manuscripts to be considered for publication. The books will be distributed both electronically and on paper.
All suggestions for possible contributions to ESPS will be highly appreciated by the editors. Perhaps you know of a very good dissertation, or know of a manuscript by a colleague (or perhaps you have a manuscript yourself)—please let us know!
You can view the latest batch of recent doctoral dissertations harvest from the January 2012 issues of Dissertation Abstracts pertaining to the history of science and medicine at http://www.hsls.pitt.edu/histmed/dissertations. Comments and corrections are always welcome.
Dissertation Reviews—February 2014 from H-Sci-Med-Tech
by Leon Rocha
Dissertation Reviews (http://dissertationreviews.org/) is a window to recently defended and unpublished dissertations, as well as articles on archives and libraries around the world.
The following is a list of the February 2014 posts for the Science Studies, Medical Anthropology, and Bioethics series.
[Science Studies] Giuditta Parolini, “‘Making Sense of Figures’: Statistics, Computing and Information Technologies in Agriculture and Biology in Britain, 1920s-1960s,” (University of Bologna, 2013), reviewed by Dominic Berry (University of Leeds)
[Science Studies] Imogen Clarke, “Negotiating Progress: Promoting ‘Modern’ Physics in Britain, 1900-1940,” (University of Manchester, 2012), reviewed by Vivien Hamilton (Harvey Mudd College)
[Science Studies] Lisa Ann Robertson, “The Embodied Imagination: British Romantic Cognitive Science,” (University of Alberta, 2013), reviewed by Markus Iseli (University of Neuchâtel)
[Bioethics] Abbi Hobbs, “Vaccines Against Vice: A Constructive Technology Assessment of Immunotherapies for Addiction,” (University of York, 2011), reviewed by Adrian Carter (The University of Queensland)
[Bioethics, Gender] Eeva Nyrövaara, “The Feminist Transformation of Bioethics: An Analysis of Theoretical Perspectives and Practical Applications in Feminist Bioethics,” (University of Helsinki, 2011), reviewed by Alex B. Neitzke (Michigan State University)
[Medical Anthropology] Emily Freeman, “Older Adults’ Experiences of Aging, Sex, and HIV Infection in Rural Malawi,” (London School of Economics and Political Science, 2012), reviewed by Ramah McKay (University of Minnesota)
[Latin America, Medical Anthropology] Natalie Kimball, “An Open Secret: The Hidden History of Unwanted Pregnancy and Abortion in Highland Bolivia, 1952-2010,” (University of Pittsburgh, 2013), reviewed by Molly Geidel (Cornell University)
[Medical Anthropology, Russia] Michelle Parsons, “Death and Freedom in Post-Soviet Russia: An Ethnography of a Mortality Crisis,” (Emory University, 2011), reviewed by Cassandra Hartblay (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
[Latin America, Medical Anthropology] Whitney L. Duncan, “The Culture of Mental Health in a Changing Oaxaca,” (University of California, San Diego, 2012), reviewed by Jethro Hernandez-Berrones (University of California, San Francisco)http://dissertationreviews.org/archives/7261
[Japan, Science Studies] Kathryn Tanaka, “Through the Hospital Gates: Hansen’s Disease and Modern Japanese Literature,” (University of Chicago, 2012), reviewed by Mika Endo (Bard College)
[Medical Anthropology, South Asia, Talking Shop] Claire Snell-Rood (University of Kentucky College of Medicine), “Safety in the Field”
[China, Economic History, Science Studies] Susan K. Mays, “Rapid Advance: High Technology in the Global Electronic Age,” (Columbia University, 2013), reviewed by Benjamin Gross (Chemical Heritage Foundation)
If you are interested in having your dissertation reviewed, please visithttp://dissertationreviews.org/reviewrequest.
High Resolution Images Available through the Wellcome Library
We are delighted to announce that over 100,000 high resolution images including manuscripts, paintings, etchings, early photography and advertisements are now freely available through Wellcome Images, http://wellcomeimages.org/. Drawn from our vast historical holdings, the images are being released under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license.
This means that they can be used for commercial or personal purposes, with an acknowledgement of the original source (Wellcome Library, London). All of the images from our historical collections can be used free of charge.
The images can be downloaded in high-resolution directly from the Wellcome Images website for users to freely copy, distribute, edit, manipulate, and build upon as you wish, for personal or commercial use. The images range from ancient medical manuscripts to etchings by artists such as Vincent Van Gogh and Francisco Goya.
New Discussions Post: The Stuff of Science, Medicine and Technology, Collaboration with H-Material-Culture
Are you interested in objects, things, the stuff of science and medicine past and present, the materiality of technology? Then you will like this: we have been approached by the editor of our sister network, H-Material-Culture about a collaborative project, and we are more than happy to collaborate. We realize that we have much in common in HSMT and Material Culture Studies: both our fields are interdisciplinary, span the humanities and social sciences, and weave together complementary epistemologies and methodologies. On top of all that, both fields enjoy looking at things!
We have set up a page, The Stuff of Science, Medicine and Technology (SoSMT), where you will find contributions from H-Material-Culture’s 1500 members and H-Sci-Med-Tech’s 3800 members that engage with the materiality of science, medicine and technology. These might be discussion posts or queries on scientific instruments past or present, analysis of particular objects from the worlds of science, technology or medicine along the lines of H-Material-Culture’s Object of the Week, images, posts about collections and archives, CFPs, syllabi etc.
Soon we will be publishing the first responses to our call on HSMT Museums, which will appear on this page as well as a special HSMT Museums page which we will be launching shortly.
We encourage questions, comments, and discussion among the diverse groups this collaboration brings together. While many will find overlapping areas of interest here, we do not all do what we do the same way, or ask the same questions, or begin with the same presumptions. The editors of H-Material Culture and H-Sci-Med-Tech see in these differences the possibility of an enriching and informative cross-pollination of ideas in this collaboration.