Notes and Records Special Issue

Notes and Records, the Royal Society Journal of the History of Science, published a special issue organised and edited by Simon Schaffer and Simon Naylor entitled “Nineteenth-century survey sciences: enterprises, expeditions and exhibitions.”

This special issue co-ordinates a newly comparative and synthetic approach to some of the principal early nineteenth-century survey sciences prosecuted by British practitioners, including geomagnetism, geographical exploration, navigation, meteorology and the survey of
imperial possessions. The essays attend to the conduct of large-scale nineteenth-century surveys across a range of domestic and overseas regions, at sea, on land and in the
atmosphere. The issue significantly integrates important issues of the museology and contemporary and modern exhibitions of the material culture of survey sciences with
close historical analysis of the hardware and personnel involved in the surveys. The issue was published online in May 2019 and is available here.

Contents

  • Introduction, Simon Naylor and Simon Schaffer
  • Hand in hand with the survey: surveying and the accumulation of knowledge capital at India House during the Napoleonic Wars, Jessica Ratcliff
  • Cetacean citations and the covenant of iron, Jenny Bulstrode
  • Follow the data: administering science at Edward Sabine’s magnetic department, Woolwich, 1841-1857, Matthew Joseph Goodman
  • Thermometer screens and the geographies of uniformity in nineteenth-century meteorology, Simon Naylor
  • Instrument provision and geographical science: the work of the Royal Geographical Society, 1830–c. 1930, Charles Withers and Jane Wess
  • Geomagnetic instruments at National Museums Scotland, Alison Morrison-Low
  • Survey stories in the history of British polar exploration: museums, objects and people, Charlotte Connelly and Claire Warrior

Purchase print issue for £35. Contact publishing@royalsociety.org.

History of Science and Technology Hub, University of Warwick, UK

We’re delighted to announce the launch of the History of Science and Technology Hub at the University of Warwick, UK.

The University of Warwick has a wealth of expertise in the history of science and technology. We cover the full range of scientific disciplines, from physics to anthropology to economics, as well as the technologies associated with them. Our teaching and research in this area is distinctive. It links up the history of scientific theories with wider historical phenomena such as war, religion, globalisation, ideology, social and environmental change, and the rise and fall of states and empires. This work is integrated into various projects in the History Department and is connected to other Warwick research centres in the sciences, humanities and social sciences.

The History of Science and Technology Hub is a portal to the people, teaching, research and events related to the history of science and technology at Warwick.

To find out more, please visit our website.

And you can follow us on Twitter @HistSciTechHub.

All the best,
Michael Bycroft, James Poskett, and Claudia Stein

May HPS&ST Note

The May HPS&ST Note is on the web here.

CONTENTS

  • Introduction
  • International Congress on the History of Science in Education, May 30 – June 1, 2019, Vila Real, Portugal
  • 15th International History, Philosophy and Science Teaching Group (IHPST) Biennial Conference, Thessaloniki, July 15-19, 2019
  • epiSTEME 8, January 3 – 6, 2020, Mumbai, India
  • Structuring Nature: An Interdisciplinary and Intercultural Summer School, Berlin, 28 July – 3 August 2019
  • New Editor of Science & Education Journal
  • What are the Philosophical and Interdisciplinary Foundations of STEM Education?  SC&ED Journal Special Issue
  • Interactive Historical Atlas of the Disciplines
  • University of Pittsburgh HPS Programme and Events
  • Scientific Literacy for All, Beijing Normal University, Oct.29-30, 2019
  • Interview with Mario Bunge
  • Opinion Page: The Metaphysics of Science and Aim-Oriented Empiricism, Nicholas Maxwell
  • PhD Theses in HPS&ST Domain: Gerda Maisa Jensen, University of São Paulo
  • Recent HPS&ST Research Articles
  • Recent HPS&ST Related Books
  • Coming HPS&ST Related Conferences

This HPS&ST monthly Note is sent to about 7,800 individuals who directly or indirectly have an interest in the connections of history and philosophy of science with theoretical, curricular and pedagogical issues in science teaching, and/or interests in the promotion of more engaging and effective teaching of the history and philosophy of science.

The Note is also sent to different HPS lists and to science education lists.  It is an information list, not a discussion list.

The Note seeks to serve the diverse international community of HPS&ST scholars and teachers by disseminating information about events and publications that connect to HPS&ST concerns.

Contributions to the Note (publications, thematic issues, conferences, Opinion Page, etc.) are welcome and should be sent direct to the editor:

Michael R. Matthews, UNSW, m.matthews@unsw.edu.au

If you have friends, colleagues or students who would like to subscribe to the list, tell them to send a message to: hpsst-list-subscribe@lists.unsw.edu.au. There is no need for subject header or any message; the email itself suffices for addition to the hpsst-list.

Regards,
Michael Matthews

Animal Studies Journal 8.1 out now

This issue of Animal Studies Journal collects articles on a broad range of topics. The first cover speculative emu perspectives (this issue’s Provocation from the Field), the Internet of Things, Māori plant-based diets, and extinction nostalgia. Several contributions then explore the decentring of the human in fictional contexts. Finally practice meets politics in articles on NSW greyhound racing, the Dutch Party for the Animals and the ‘entangled activism’ of opposing duck shooting. The issue concludes with reviews of seven recent publications.

All articles are freely available online here or by following the links below.

Contents:

Animal Studies Journal 2019 8 (1): Cover Page, Table of Contents, Editorial and Notes on Contributors
Melissa Boyde

Provocations from the Field – Derangement and Resistance: Reflections from Under the Glare of an Angry Emu
Pattrice Jones

Is There a Turtle in this Text? Animals in the Internet of Robots and Things
Nicola J. Evans and Alison Rotha Moore

Kaimangatanga: Maori Perspectives on Veganism and Plant-based Kai
Kirsty Dunn

Remembering the Huia: Extinction and Nostalgia in a Bird World
Cameron Boyle

First Dog, Last Dog: New Intertextual Short Fictions about Canis lupus familiaris
A. Frances Johnson

Space on Par: A short performance for one performer
Peta Tait

Life and Death with Horses: Gillian Mears’ Novel Foal’s Bread
Deborah Wardle

Greyhounds and Racing Industry Participants: A Look at the New South Wales Greyhound Racing Community
Justine Groizard

If Animals Could Talk: Reflection on the Dutch Party for Animals in Student Assignments
Helen Kopnina

‘Animals Are Their Best Advocates’: Interspecies Relations, Embodied Actions, and Entangled Activism
Gonzalo Villanueva

[Review] Joshua Lobb, The Flight of Birds. Sydney University Press, 2019. 322pp
Alex Lockwood

[Review] Sue Coe, Zooicide: Seeing Cruelty, Demanding Abolition. With an Essay by Stephen F. Eisenman AK Press, 2018. 128pp
Wendy Woodward

‘Let’s Find Out! What Do I Make?’ [Review] Kathryn Gillespie, The Cow with Ear Tag #1389. University of Chicago Press, 2018. 272pp
Hayley Singer

[Review] Jacob Bull, Tora Holmberg and Cecilia Åsberg, editors, Animal Places: Lively Cartographies of Human-Animal Relations. Routledge, 2018. 276pp
Zoei Sutton

[Review] James Hevia, Animal Labor and Colonial Warfare. Chicago University Press, 2018. 328pp
Peta Tait

[Review] Lesley A. Sharp, Animal Ethos: The Morality of Human-Animal Encounters in Experimental Lab Science. University of California Press, 2018. 312pp
Denise Russell

[Review] Michael Lundblad, editor, Animalities: Literary and Cultural Studies Beyond the Human. Edinburgh University Press, 2017. 249pp
Wendy Woodward

The emergence of the neo-colonial in the post-modern, global present; the insidious nature of modernity and development

The emergence of the neo-colonial in the post-modern, global present; the insidious nature of modernity and development.

Narratives of colonialism remain hidden in the present-day discourses of development and progress; – global social disparity keeps on emerging at a faster pace than the discourses of development can recognise and address and we see, unfolding before our eyes, such social anomalies of civil war based on religion and famine-like conditions in the so-called developing third-worlds. Wealthy philanthropic agencies and global health organizations of the western worlds – abetted by the global financial/banking organizations – use development models of assistance to disburse their largesse and these are symptomatic of neo-colonialism as these organizations refuse to acknowledge that development cannot necessarily be equated with improved sanitation conditions, tarred roadways, electrical connectivity and the eradication of diseases. Deconstructing such notions of modernity and development is but a repetitive gesture of what has been articulated before; in 1972, Aimē Cēsaire, wrote Discourse on Colonialism; “They talk to me about progress, about ‘achievements,’ diseases cured, improved standards of living,” and he continues with his critique of western notions of development that used to be coerced into the colonial third-worlds:

am talking about societies drained of their essence, cultures trampled underfoot, institutions undermined, lands confiscated, religions smashed, magnificent artistic creations destroyed, extraordinary possibilities wiped out.

They throw facts at my head, statistics, mileages of roads, canals, and railroad tracks.

am talking about thousands of men sacrificed to the Congo-Ocean. I am´ talking about those who, as I write this, are digging the harbor of Abidjan by hand. I am talking about millions of men torn from their gods, their land, their habits, their life – from life, from the dance, from wisdom. (Monthly Review Press, 1972: pp. 21–22)

The dominant discourse on development seems to be caught up by a particular strand of thinking – whereby the agrarian citizens of the third-worlds – are caught up in being referred to as the Other. The western models of development, which seem to suit the needs of global health organization, are unable to categorise these disease-ridden citizens as being ‘normal’; – and as in need of perpetual healthcare or afflicted by diseases which defines them as ontologically pathological.  Programs which obsess with global health issues- and deal with death tolls and diseases caused by polio and malaria – seem to work in collaboration with pharma companies where the desire is to come up with the ideal vaccine; as if this vaccine would create better human beings. Third-world governments – being poor and cash-strapped – are co-opted by such rhetoric.

Polio, malaria and the afflicted native.

Under the guise of being philanthropic organizations – funding institutes like the Gates Foundation – only disseminate and perpetuate certain notions of a neo-colonial imperial policy. In India, Gates fetishizes the issue of sanitation and the absence of proper bathrooms in rural India; and his obsession with the sanitation habits of the subaltern poor – has codified the  identity of the Indian peasantry as being confined to his bathroom habits; and with an obsessive focus on sanitation issues – it is implied that the only issue affecting the subaltern is that they lack access to commodes and underground sewage pipelines. Being poor is bad enough; being at the mercy of the above funding agency is sheer misery. Whatever karma one has done – I am not sure if one has to be at the receiving end of such ghastly philanthropy as is displayed by the above; even hell would be better – than allowing western billionaires being involved in your moral upliftment which would only be possible if you stopped pooping in the open. The methods that are used to denigrate the subalterns of the 3rd worlds – are devious and invisible; under the guise of being a philanthropic organization–  such philanthropic agencies ensure that the discursive identity of the impoverished in India – is always-forever fixed within a monolithic concept: the poverty stricken third-world holds out a begging bowl and it needs the grandiose gestures of western, capitalist billionaires.

On Migrants and Refugees.

The existing rhetoric of migration (forced and voluntary) and of refugees – that is used to refer to the concepts of the geo-social movements of people – is problematic and smacks of being a part-and-parcel of western, first-world agencies (like the UN and the World Bank) that implement and propagate the so-called development theories like a mantra. Simply said – the trope of such narratives would be: poor people from the 3rd worlds (Africa- for example) – migrate to richer countries in the West/Europe because they are poor. Thereby – development scholars would refer to those Africans as migrants who have become refugees in Europe. Undoubtedly – in this day and age – such rhetoric that is used by development theorists and sanctioned by global, powerful, agencies is mostly embarrassing, if not outright ridiculous.

The native baboo: the mimic-men.

These global finance/banking institutions, philanthropic organizations and global health organizations work in collaboration with the native intelligentsia – the modern-day-western educated native baboos who are the ideal ‘mimic-men’ and unable to interrogate the abusive systems they perpetuate in the native contexts. The question is: how does one circumvent these rich, overpowering funding institutions from the West and prevent them from co-opting all forms of critiques and thereby, create spaces that are truly emancipatory and liberatory for the third-world natives? Undoubtedly, Cēsaire’s harsh critique that has been cited above – is an act of ‘nativism’ which construes cultural identity and traditions as being the defining, discursive parameter of identity – but more importantly, it does throw light on the fact that the dominant theories of development are incredibly flawed and problematic and thereby, detrimental for the healthy growth of any society as they create monolithic, static identities of the underdeveloped third-world citizens who are perpetually needy, hunger-stricken and pathologically ailing.

This is a call to create a series of texts that will accommodate both intellectual and artistic interventions against the dominant discourses of development; -/মরীচিকা: Mō-rī-chī-kā: Mirage/ is an independent institution in Calcutta, India comprising of concerned scholars and artists. For more, please visit the website here.

For information, please email the series editor: Tapati Bharadwaj at morichika.mirage@gmail.com.

This is an ongoing series; deadline: September, 2019.

Contact Info:
Tapati Bharadwaj. -/মরীচিকা: Mō-rī-chī-kā: Mirage/ EC. 101. Salt Lake. Kolkata – 700064.India.
tbharad@gmail.com

Call for Columnists: Perspectives Daily

The American Historical Association is seeking three graduate students to write a series of two columns for online publication in Perspectives Daily during the summer. Columnists will select and write about themes of their choosing, and will work with the AHA’s editors in preparing their pieces for publication.

If you are a current history graduate student looking to hone your writing skills and share what you do as a historian with a wide audience, consider applying! If you know a graduate student who could benefit from this experience, please encourage them to apply. Columnists receive a free one-year membership to the AHA and an honorarium.

Detailed application instructions can be found here. The application deadline is April 26.

If you have any questions, e-mail Managing Editor Kritika Agarwal at kagarwal@historians.org.

New Books in Science Seeking Podcast Hosts

New Books in Science is currently seeking hosts interested in conducting interviews with authors of new books on science and the history of science. Hosting the channel is a good way to bring the work of scholars of science to the attention of large audiences. Interested parties should write Marshall Poe at marshallpoe@gmail.com.

New Books in Science is part of the New Books Network, a non-profit consortium of 84 author-interview podcasts focused on academic books. The NBN serves one million episodes a month to a worldwide audience. Its mission is outreach and public education.

CFP: Special Issue at Foundations of Science on “James Joule’s Bicentenary: Foundations and Nature of Science Teaching”

Call for papers:  Foundations of Science (Springer)

Special Issue: “James Joule’s Bicentenary: Foundations and Nature of Science Teaching”

This special issue “James Joule’s Bicentenary: Foundations and Nature of Science Teaching” will publish original and unpublished papers related to foundations of sciences, historical and epistemological analyses on Joule’s works and related interdisciplinary subjects in context. The foundations of sciences and nature of science methods–modelling in teaching sciences, interplays between theory and experiments are also very encouraged and welcome.

Deadlines
Abstract–proposal (in English): April 30th, 2019
Acceptance/rejected: abstract–proposal: May 15th, 2019
Full paper submission: December 30th, 2019
Publication: expected 2020

Details at:
Click here for Foundations of Science.
Click here for IDTC.

Contact:
Raffaele Pisano, raffaele.pisano@univ-lille.fr
Paulo Maurício, paulo.asterix@gmail.com

CFP: The Bulletin of the History of Archaeology (BHA)

The Bulletin of the History of Archaeology (BHA) is accepting submissions for publication in 2019. The journal publishes research not only on the histories of archaeology strictly defined, but also on the subject as it intersects with related histories like those of collecting, colonialism, exploration, fieldwork, heritage, and museums. At the same time, BHA is particularly focused on building interdisciplinary collaborations, and publishes work that takes its methodological cues from fields including anthropology and historical anthropology, archaeology, art history, colonial and postcolonial studies, gender studies, global history, and the history, philosophy, and sociology of science.

The BHA is published online. Articles are made available Open Access as soon as they are ready. Research shows that Open Access publications are viewed and cited more often and for a longer period than publications in subscription journals. Some studies report three times more views and others 89% more downloads. See the Plan S, for the latest initiative promoting Open Access by 14 national funders and 4 charitable foundations.

Authors remain the copyright holders and grant third parties the right to use, reproduce, and share the article according to the Creative Commons license agreement.

The BHA is indexed by the Web of Science (Emerging Sources Citation Index), the Norwegian Scientific Database, the European Reference Index for Humanities and Social Sciences (ERIH PLUS), Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), EBSCOHost, Google Scholar, CrossRef, JISC KB+, and SHERPA RoMEO.

If your paper is accepted for publication, you will be asked to pay an Article Publication Charge (APC) of £300, which can normally be sourced from your funder or institution. APCs cover all publication costs (editorial processes; web hosting; indexing; marketing; archiving; DOI registration etc. For a breakdown of costs, see here) and ensure that all of the content is fully Open Access. This APC is just 10-20% of some competitors. Many research funders and institutions now have open access funds available. Please, ask your department, library or funder to check your eligibility. Several other foundations, institutes, societies and associations offer publication grants based on subject relevance. Here are a few of them relevant to history, archaeology and material preservation and conservation. For more information on funding, feel free to get in touch at editorial@ubiquitypress.com.

Submit Now! We accept online submissions here. See Author Guidelines for further information. Alternatively, please contact the editors if you are unsure as to whether your research is suitable for submission to the journal.

Model Organisms in the 20th Century: Historical, Philosophic and Scientific Questions

Two talks, delivered February 19, 2019 at the National Institutes of Health as part of the 9th NHGRI History of Genomics Program History of Molecular Biology and Genomics Lecture Series, have been published online. Listen to “Capturing the influence of model organisms through large-scale integration of biology, literature, and scientific workforce” by Thomas Stoeger and “The Fly Room” by William deJong-Lambert.

For further details on the talks or lecture series, contact William deJong-Lambert at william.dejong-lambert@bcc.cuny.edu, Thomas Stoeger at thomas.stoeger@northwestern.edu, or Christopher Donahue at christopher.donahue@nih.gov.