|Warwick Anderson is the Janet Dora Hine Professor of Politics, Governance and Ethics in the Department of History at the University of Sydney, and leader of the Politics, Governance and Ethics Theme with the Charles Perkins Centre. As an historian of science, medicine and public health, Dr. Anderson’s work has focused on ideas about race, human difference, and citizenship in the 19th and 20th centuries, particularly in Australasia, the Pacific, Southeast Asia, and the United States.
In this episode of our podcast series on race and science, Anderson discusses the differences between how race science was practiced in the Global South and how it was practiced in North America and Europe. He notes that theories about race—and thus the practices of race science—were often more malleable and flexible in the Southern Hemisphere, as opposed to the more rigid racial typologies and hardline eugenics that characterized the United States and Western Europe. In addition, following the work of James Baldwin and Homi Bhabha, Anderson notes how whiteness has been used as a “strategy of authority” for colonial settlers rather than as a robust identity, a fact he illustrates through his research on race in Australia and the Philippines.