New Book Series at Johns Hopkins University Press Studies in Computing and Culture

New Book Series at Johns Hopkins University Press
Studies in Computing and Culture

Series Editors:

Jeffrey R. Yost, CBI Director and Research Professor of History of Science and Technology, University of Minnesota
Gerardo Con Diaz, Associate Professor of Science and Technology Studies, University of California, Davis

Series Editorial Board:

-Héctor Beltrán, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
-Ruha Benjamin, Professor of African American Studies, Princeton University
-Lilly Irani, Associate Professor of Communication, Science Studies, Computer Science, and Critical
Gender Studies, University of California, San Diego
-Meg Leta Jones, Associate Professor of Communication, Technology, and Culture, Georgetown University
-Ya-Wen Lei, Associate Professor of Sociology, Harvard University
-Eden Medina, Associate Professor of Science, Technology, and Society, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
-Mai Sugimoto, Associate Professor of Sociology, Kansai University

This series publishes works on the relationships among digital technology, political economies, and sociocultural systems. We seek interdisciplinary scholarship that speaks to how computing, information, and data cultures change over time and how our digital present and future relate to the long arc of social, political, cultural, economic, legal, or environmental change. We welcome all chronologies and geographies. The series will help students, scholars, and the public gain historical and contemporary perspectives to understand how and why digital technology continues to transform every aspect of our daily lives.

CFP Eikón Imago Journal 2023. Imago, ius, religio. Religious Iconographies in Illustrated Legal Manuscripts and Printed Books (9th -20th Centuries)

https://revistas.ucm.es/index.php/EIKO/announcement/view/389

Special Guest Editors: Maria Alessandra Bilotta & Gianluca del Monaco

It is not unusual to come across religious iconographies in miniatures as well as borders and based-page scenes in illustrated legal manuscripts and printed books (9th-20th centuries) containing canon, civil or local law texts, like the Livres juratoires or municipal and professional statutes. Some of these iconographies, for instance those in the Decretum Gratiani or the Liber Extra, Gregory IX’s decretals, have been accurately examined. However, a comprehensive survey providing a global and chronological investigation of these depictions is still wanting. Therefore, the journal “Eikon-Imago”, alongside the research team IUS ILLUMINATUM of Institute of Medieval Studies (IEM) of the Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas at the Universidade NOVA in Lisbon, has decided to devote the 2023 special issue to the study and examination of religious iconographies in legal manuscripts and printed books, so as to create a place for discussion and exchange on the diverse artistic, historical and social aspects of these iconographies.

Proposals can concentrate on the following as well as further related themes:
– The depiction of liturgical space in illustrated legal manuscripts and printed books.
– Text-image relation in legal books (manuscripts and printed volumes).
– The Holy Trinity in legal books (manuscripts and printed volumes).
– The depiction of liturgical rites (Marriage, Eucharist, Benedictions).
– The pope in legal books (manuscripts and printed volumes).
– The bishop in legal books (manuscripts and printed volumes).
– Saints in legal books (manuscripts and printed volumes).
– Monks in legal books (manuscripts and printed volumes).
– Between sacred and profane: religious drolleries in legal manuscripts.
– Mendicant friars in legal books (manuscripts and printed volumes).
– The depiction of religious buildings in legal books (manuscripts and printed volumes).
– The depiction of religious authority in legal books (manuscripts and printed volumes).

Send Papers Deadline: 01/02/2022

New issue, HoST — Journal of History of Science and Technology (15.1, June 2021)

HoST — Journal of History of Science and Technology is a peer-reviewed open access journal, published online in English by De Gruyter/Sciendo and results of a partnership between four Portuguese research units (CIUHCT, CIDEHUS, ICS e IHC).

CONTENTS OF VOLUME 15.1
Special issue “Global Flora: Mastering Exotic Plants (Eighteenth—Nineteenth Centuries)”
This special issue includes an introduction by the guest editors Lorelai Kury and Sara Albuquerque followed by three articles that contribute to an analysis of plant circulation from the viewpoint of the science and techniques that sought to use or examine exotic species, particularly within the European circuit.
• “Introduction: Global Flora: Mastering Exotic Plants (Eighteenth—Nineteenth Centuries)”, Lorelai Kury and Sara Albuquerque
• “Knowledge and Circulation of Plants: Unveiling the Participation of Amazonian Indigenous Peoples in the Construction of Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Botany,” Nelson Sanjad, Ermelinda Pataca, and Rafael Santos
• “Global Affinities: The Natural Method and Anomalous Plants in the Nineteenth Century,” Lorelai Kury and Sara Albuquerque
• “The National Sericultural Utopia and Debates on the Acclimatization of Plants in New-born Belgium (1830-1865),” Denis Diagre-Vanderpelen

Additional article to the special issue published in HoST 14.2 “The Fabulous 1930s in the History of Science and Technology”
• “The 1931 London Congress: The Rise of British Marxism and the Interdependencies of Society, Nature and Technology,” Gerardo Ienna and Giulia Rispoli

An article in the newly created Varia section
• “The Social Construction of the “Non-professional Computer Users”: the “Center for the Popularization of Informatics” in Catalonia, Spain (1980s-1990s),” Ignasi Meda-Calvet

In this number you can also find three Book Reviews
• “Book Review: Michael Rossi. The Republic of Color: Science, Perception, and the Making of Modern America,” Clemens Finkelstein
• “Book Review: Hartmut Petzold. Eine Berliner Waage im Münchner Deutschen Museum,” Agnes Bauer
• “Book Review: Seb Falk. The Light Ages: A Medieval Journey of Discovery,” Nicholas A. Jacobson

Call for contributions to the edited volume: Science Diplomacy on Display: Mobile Atomic Exhibitions in the Cold War

Deadline for abstract submission: December 14, 2020.

Maria Rentetzi (TU Berlin) and Donatella Germanese (Max Planck Institute for the History of Science)

This collective volume moves beyond the bipolar Cold War history that portrays nuclear propagandist exhibitions as one-way communication for promoting the advantages and virtues of the two major and conflicting political powers. Instead, Science Diplomacy on Display follows mobile atomic exhibitions as they move across national borders and around the world functioning as spaces for diplomatic encounters that move within political and scientific networks of exchange and circulation. This volume seeks to trace the multiple and often contradictory meanings that mobile exhibitions took on for various actors. For the countries or even international organizations that designed and circulated atomic mobile exhibitions during the Cold War, these became a way to educate other nations in the peaceful uses of the atom, promote an optimistic representation of nuclear energy, and standardize its use. For the nations that hosted them, their function depended on the local political, economic and social environment; most often they inspired local actors to take their own initiatives and circulate their home-made atomic exhibitions within national borders. An enormous endeavor in terms of their economics, moving logistics, local setting up and running, mobile atomic exhibitions allow us to unpack diplomatic and political tensions on a global level and explore the aesthetics of atomic powers.

Historians of science have already recognized the power of exhibitions to engage the public in the production of knowledge (i.e. Kohlstedt 2010; Rader and Cain, 2014). Exhibitions, however, have the potential to do much more. They make political statements; they become sites for the visualization of different social futures (Molella and Knowles, 2019); they represent fertile spaces for diplomatic negotiations. Despite the vital role of exhibitions in the production of knowledge and the formation of political worldviews, there is hardly any work on the historical role of atomic exhibitions in shaping nuclear science and politics, their function as assets in diplomatic negotiations, or the way they “inscribed” gender stereotypes about nuclear science on the displays.

Science Diplomacy on Display aims to highlight the decisive role of atomic exhibitions in the postwar period. It pays special attention to international organizations and their attempts to spread images of a common atomic future worldwide and in so doing to shape local scientific cultures. Our authors combine an interest in global and transnational histories of atomic mobile exhibitions with their epistemic and political cultures. As we acknowledge the epistemic value of images and objects, we discuss how atomic exhibitions such as those designed by the UN and its related organizations or any national attempts to exhibit the atom, defined nuclear futures.

Based on the abstracts that we have accepted so far, the volume’s chapters describe how countries such as Austria, Brazil, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany (East and West), Greece, Italy, Mexico, South Korea, and Taiwan dealt with the atomic exhibitions and laboratories they received from the US, the Soviet Union or the IAEA. Some of the essays show that the competition in nuclear technology between the Soviet Union and the US took place in Europe and Latin America by means of traveling exhibitions. Yet, competition arose as well between hosting partners (e.g. France, Italy, Czechoslovakia, Mexico) and their givers (USA, USSR), as the “minor” countries tried to leave their imprints on the exhibits and the future national nuclear programs.
Some chapters analyze the cultural impact of the atomic exhibitions through images and objects, while other essays focus on the educational programs in nuclear technology and medicine that were carried out at local universities or hospitals.

As we would like to expand further the range of our investigations, we are asking scholars working in the field of atomic exhibitions to contribute with essays covering additional countries and especially China, Russia and African countries. We expect essays of 8000 words the most including footnotes.
This book project is part of the HRP-IAEA project that has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (Consolidator Grant agreement No770548) led by Prof. Maria Rentetzi at the Technical University Berlin.

Time schedule/deadlines
Deadline for abstracts: December 14, 2020.
Expected first drafts: May 17, 2021.
Revisions by October 31, 2021.
Final submissions by December 1, 2021.

References

Kohlstedt, Sally. 2011. “Place and Museum Space: The Smithsonian Institution and the America West, 1850-1900” in Livingstone, David and Charles Withers (eds) Geographies of Nineteenth-Century Science, University of Chicago Press, 399-437.

Mollela, Arthur P and Knowles, Scott Gabriel. 2019. World’s Fairs in the Cold War: Science, Technology, and the Culture of Progress, University of Pittsburgh Press.

Rader, Karen and Cain, Victoria. 2014. Life on Display: Revolutionizing U.S. Museums of Science and Natural History. The University of Chicago Press.

Call for Papers: Down Under Darwin: Australasian Perspectives on Darwin Studies

This is a call for papers for a special issue of Studies in History and Philosophy of Science.

Down Under Darwin: Australasian Perspectives on Darwin Studies

Darwin is an iconic, almost mythical figure; he is the “undead” Darwin, still very much alive in heated debates in modern evolutionary biology, ethology and anthropology, and in public conflicts over religion, gender and race. Both Darwin and “Darwinism” carry an enormous charge, extending far beyond the industry of specialist Darwin Studies. In recent years Darwin Studies too has moved well beyond its original confines to create new researchers and reading audiences in an array of disciplinary fields. “Darwinism” has come to be understood as a protean concept that defies static definition, as an unstable, proliferating body of theory, evidence and ideology, ramifying into a multitude of formats; while scholarly attention is shifting from issues of genesis, reception, and dispersion to the ways in which Darwin and Darwinism have been, and continue to be, actively used, appropriated and reshaped in different localities and sites, in a reciprocal process of production and reproduction. Australia and New Zealand have become dynamic sites for such cutting edge multi-disciplinary Darwin Studies, for rewritings that refract the man and his representations from a different perspective, challenging stereotypical images and interpretations, and exploring and redefining local and global ramifications and interactions.

This special issue will therefore bring together Australasian-based scholars from a rich array of disciplinary fields and methodological approaches who are concerned with Darwin and Darwinism — past and present, from the local to the global. We thus encourage contributions from across the spectrum of Darwin studies that deal with such topics as Darwin and Darwinism in Australia and New Zealand; race, science and Indigeneity; gender, sex, and class in the history of evolutionary theory; Darwinism in nineteenth-century European science, thought, and culture; evolution and the cultural arts; and philosophical and historiographical issues.

We are also seeking Down Under scholarship that considers broader conceptual questions about place, space, and cultural perceptions: Is there a distinctive antipodean perspective on Darwin and Darwin Studies? Has residence in former colonies of settlement with strong Indigenous rights movements shaped our interpretations of Darwin and Darwinism? Are we more attuned to the social and cultural embeddedness of science? Are Australasians, with their overlapping, multitudinous connections to Oceania, Asia, Europe, and North America, particularly well placed to pursue the study of Global Darwin in the twenty-first century?

The special issue will be edited by Evelleen Richards (University of Sydney), Ruth Barton (University of Auckland), and Ian Hesketh (University of Queensland). Please send your abstracts of max. 300 words by 1 December 2020 to i.hesketh@uq.edu.au. The deadline for the submission of full papers is 31 January 2021. Full papers should follow the general Guide for Authors of Studies in History and Philosophy of Science. https://www.journals.elsevier.com/studies-in-history-and-philosophy-of-science/call-for-papers/special-issue-call-for-papers-down-under-darwin-australasia

Call for Papers: Expertise and Uncertainty

Spontaneous Generations, a scholarly journal published by the graduate students of the Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, University of Toronto, invites contributions to its 11th volume.

Experts occupy an increasingly contested space in our society. Politicians challenge the expertise of public health officials amidst the COVID-19 pandemic; climate change deniers that of climatologists; creationists that of evolutionary biologists and geologists. Even the rotundity of the Earth has not escaped renewed public scrutiny. While many regard this growing tide of resistance to experts with anxiety or alarm, even their most stalwart defenders acknowledge the risks inherent in excessive deference to experts. After all, experts are only human. They can make mistakes of fact or ethical judgment. They can fall prey to the temptations of conformity. They can be corrupted by corporate or state patronage. A technologically sophisticated society can hardly function without experts, but neither can a democratic one exempt them from scrutiny.

Scholars involved in the study of science, technology, medicine, and mathematics are well-positioned to explore the pressing issues surrounding expertise. As experts who study other experts, they have a unique vantage point. The editors of Spontaneous Generations welcome contributions which explore these themes from an anthropological, historical, philosophical, sociological, or interdisciplinary point of view. Questions which contributors might take up include, but are not limited to:

• What epistemological challenges arise from the practice and communication of expertise? How can non-experts evaluate expert testimony in a principled, reasonable way?
• How can the rights of marginalized individuals or communities be protected against the potential abuse of expertise? How can those of a democratic society?
• Has a particular historical episode especially illuminated the risks & opportunities inherent in expertise?
• What public good results from your expertise? How would you fruitfully engage with a politician, layperson, or administrator who expressed skepticism about it?
• How has studying the expertise of others informed your own perspective and identity?

In short, we invite second-order reflections on the challenges, opportunities, and social situatedness of expertise, whether your own or that of the experts you study. We especially welcome contributions in the form of focus essays: 2-3,000 words in length. Research articles and book reviews which speak to the theme of expertise, more or less directly, are also welcome. We aim to publish both established and early career scholars. Contributions should follow the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition; be formatted in MS Word; and be received no later than December 20th, 2020. We will also be happy to review abstracts before that time, if you have an idea for a submission and are considering whether or not to go forward. Please send abstracts, inquiries, and contributions (along with your institutional and departmental affiliation) to Daniel Halverson at daniel.halverson@mail.utoronto.ca.

Call for articles. Eikon Imago, vol. 10 (2021). Miscellany and monographic issue

Our scientific journal Eikón / Imago, edited by the CAPIRE research team at the Complutense University of Madrid, is already working on the next issue. It is an annual academic publication whose research interest focuses on iconography and visual culture, from a thematic scope that encompasses the forms and meanings of the images of any era, culture or country, as well as any thematic, typological or disciplinary variant: religious, mythological, political, musical, fantastic, animalistic and other.

Each issue of Eikón / Imago Magazine consists of three sections:
– Miscellany: related to any aspect of the general thematic coverage of the Journal (free peer review articles).
– Monographic: the topic changes every year. This year 2021 it is: Eternal Sadness: Representations of Death in Visual Culture from Antiquity to the Present Time (ed. by Luis Vives-Ferrándiz Sánchez)
– Reviews and Chronicles of new books, exhibitions, and conferences.

We are accepting article proposals for the monographic and miscellaneous sections before October 15th, 2020.

You can know more about us in http://www.capire.es/eikonimago/index.php/eikonimago
or writing to our email eikonimago@ucm.es

The Global Phenomenon of Phrenology A Conversation with James Poskett

In this podcast episode, we talk with James Poskett, author of Materials of the Mind: Phrenology, Race, and the Global History of Science, 1815-1920.

Phrenology was the most popular mental science of the Victorian age. From American senators to Indian social reformers, this new mental science found supporters around the globe. Materials of the Mind tells the story of how phrenology changed the world—and how the world changed phrenology.

This is a story of skulls from the Arctic, plaster casts from Haiti, books from Bengal, and letters from the Pacific. Drawing on far-flung museum and archival collections, and addressing sources in six different languages, Materials of the Mind is an impressively innovative account of science in the nineteenth century as part of global history. It shows how the circulation of material culture underpinned the emergence of a new materialist philosophy of the mind, while also demonstrating how a global approach to history can help us reassess issues such as race, technology, and politics today.

James Poskett is Assistant Professor in the History of Science and Technology at the University of Warwick.

Materials of the Mind: Phrenology, Race, and the Global History of Science, 1815-1920 (University of Chicago Press, 2019)