Spontaneous Generations, a scholarly, peer-reviewed, interdisciplinary journal published by the
graduate students of the Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology,
University of Toronto, invites contributions to its 11th volume.
Experts occupy an increasingly contested space in our society. Politicians challenge the expertise
of public health officials amidst the COVID-19 pandemic; climate change deniers that of
climatologists; creationists that of evolutionary biologists and geologists. Even the rotundity of
the Earth has not escaped renewed public scrutiny. Our cultural moment is increasingly defined
by a populist revolt against expertise. While this is alarming, even the most stalwart defenders of
expertise will acknowledge the risks inherent in excessive deference to experts. They can make
mistakes of fact or ethical judgment. They can fall prey to the temptations of conformity. They
can be corrupted by corporate or state patronage. A technologically sophisticated society can
hardly function without experts, but neither can a democratic one exempt them from scrutiny.
Scholars involved in the study of science, technology, medicine, and mathematics are well-positioned to explore the pressing issues surrounding expertise. As experts who study other
experts, they have a unique vantage point. The editors of Spontaneous Generations welcome
contributions which explore the challenges inherent to expertise in an increasingly distrustful
society. Questions which contributors might take up include, but are not limited to:
• How can the rights of marginalized individuals or communities be protected against the
potential abuse of expertise? How can those of a democratic society?
• Has a particular historical episode or philosophical problem especially illuminated the
risks & opportunities inherent in expertise?
• What public good results from your expertise? How would you fruitfully engage with a
politician, layperson, or administrator who expressed skepticism about it?
• How has studying the expertise of others informed your own perspective and identity?
We invite contributions in the following formats:
• Reflective or conversational pieces, 2-3,000 words in length. Please include an abstract,
150-250 words in length.
• Research articles, 8-12,000 words in length, on the same theme. Please include an
abstract, 150-250 words in length.
• Reviews of recent scholarly books (published no earlier than January, 2019) touching on
expertise, 1-1,200 words in length for single reviews, 1,400-1,600 for double reviews.
Traditionally, Spontaneous Generations focuses on the history and philosophy of science.
However, we are happy to consider contributions from other disciplinary perspectives. All
contributions should follow the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition (footnote and
bibliography), should be formatted in MS Word, and should be received no later than May 31,
2021. We will also be happy to review abstracts before that time. Please send all inquiries or
contributions (along with your institutional and departmental affiliation) to Daniel Halverson at