CFP: Special Issue on Ethnobiology in Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences

Ethnobiology – Perspectives from History, Philosophy, and Sociology of Science
Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
David Ludwig and Francisco Vergara-Silva (eds.)

Ethnobiology is an interdisciplinary field at the intersection of biological and social sciences that studies knowledge systems and practices of Indigenous, traditional, and other local communities. The complexity of biological expertise beyond academia raises both theoretical and normative questions about knowledge diversity in biological and environmental research. First, there are epistemological and ontological questions about different ways of producing, organizing, and validating biological knowledge. Second, there are ethical and political questions about the role of different knowledge systems in shaping policies and practices. Despite these complex theoretical and normative issues, ethnobiology currently lacks integration with debates in History and Philosophy of Science (HPS) and Science and Technology Studies (STS) more generally. This special issue aims to synthesize these academic discourses and thereby develop an agenda for history, philosophy, and social studies of ethnobiology. We invite contributions that address questions such as:

How does research on local biological knowledge relate to philosophical debates about expertise, knowledge diversity, and standpoint theory?

How do cross-cultural similarities between biological epistemologies, ontologies, and values contribute to debates about issues such as cognitive universals, natural kinds, and ontological realism?

How do cross-cultural differences between biological epistemologies, ontologies, and values contribute to debates about issues such as incommensurability, social construction, and relativism?

How are biological knowledge systems and environmental practices related to wider intellectual traditions such as Buddhist, Buen Vivir, or Ubuntu philosophies?

How does local knowledge interact with normative questions about epistemic injustice and the political ecology of bioprospecting, traditional medicine, climate injustice, food sovereignty, forest conservation, and so on?

How did ethnobiology become institutionalized as an academic field and what historical factors have shaped its agendas?

How does the relatively short history of institutionalized ethnobiology relate to the long history of interactions between academic biologists and local experts? How do they relate to (anti-)colonial histories of botany from the British Raj to the Dutch West Indies?

What does ethnobiology mean for life sciences in the “Global South” and how does the field challenge hierarchies between geographic centers and peripheries of biological research?

What is the contribution of ethnobiology to wider debates about participatory research, responsible innovation, inclusive policy, and public engagement with science?

Please submit an abstract of max. 500 words until 20 July 2019 to david.ludwig@wur.nl and fvs@ib.unam.mx. We will invite full papers by 1 August 2019 and the deadline for full papers is 1 November 2019. Full papers will have to follow the general Guide for Authors of Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences.
_____

David Ludwig | Wageningen University | Hollandseweg 1 | 6706 KN Wageningen
+31 (0)647847908 | david.ludwig@wur.nl

ARTEFACTS volume “Behind the Exhibit”

The ARTEFACTS volume “Behind the Exhibit” edited by Elena Canadelli, Marco Beretta, and Laura Ronzon is finally on-line on the publisher’s website. You can download the book at this
link. In June, print copies will be also available.

For further information, contact
Elena Canadelli, PhD
Assistant Professor in History of Science (Dept. of History) and Naturalistic Museology (Dept. of Biology) University of Padua – Department of Historical and Geographic Sciences and the Ancient World (DiSSGeA) Via del Vescovado 30
35141 – Padova (Italy)
office (0039)-049 8278555
mob. (0039)-3294962614
elena.canadelli@unipd.it

Press Release: Women Untold Documentary

LTU student-produced documentary on women of color in STEM now up on YouTube

SOUTHFIELD—A team of students in Lawrence Technological University’s media communication program has produced a half-hour documentary film on previously little-known contributions to STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) by three women of color in the early and mid-20th Century.

“Women Untold” traces the lives and accomplishments of three women of color in STEM: Jewel Plummer Cobb, a cancer research pioneer and later university administrator and president; Alice Augusta Ball, who developed a groundbreaking treatment for leprosy; and Evelyn Boyd Granville, a mathematician for IBM and NASA who contributed to space missions of the 1960s.

The film may be viewed here.

See the full article online here.

Notes and Records Special Issue

Notes and Records, the Royal Society Journal of the History of Science, published a special issue organised and edited by Simon Schaffer and Simon Naylor entitled “Nineteenth-century survey sciences: enterprises, expeditions and exhibitions.”

This special issue co-ordinates a newly comparative and synthetic approach to some of the principal early nineteenth-century survey sciences prosecuted by British practitioners, including geomagnetism, geographical exploration, navigation, meteorology and the survey of
imperial possessions. The essays attend to the conduct of large-scale nineteenth-century surveys across a range of domestic and overseas regions, at sea, on land and in the
atmosphere. The issue significantly integrates important issues of the museology and contemporary and modern exhibitions of the material culture of survey sciences with
close historical analysis of the hardware and personnel involved in the surveys. The issue was published online in May 2019 and is available here.

Contents

  • Introduction, Simon Naylor and Simon Schaffer
  • Hand in hand with the survey: surveying and the accumulation of knowledge capital at India House during the Napoleonic Wars, Jessica Ratcliff
  • Cetacean citations and the covenant of iron, Jenny Bulstrode
  • Follow the data: administering science at Edward Sabine’s magnetic department, Woolwich, 1841-1857, Matthew Joseph Goodman
  • Thermometer screens and the geographies of uniformity in nineteenth-century meteorology, Simon Naylor
  • Instrument provision and geographical science: the work of the Royal Geographical Society, 1830–c. 1930, Charles Withers and Jane Wess
  • Geomagnetic instruments at National Museums Scotland, Alison Morrison-Low
  • Survey stories in the history of British polar exploration: museums, objects and people, Charlotte Connelly and Claire Warrior

Purchase print issue for £35. Contact publishing@royalsociety.org.

History of Science and Technology Hub, University of Warwick, UK

We’re delighted to announce the launch of the History of Science and Technology Hub at the University of Warwick, UK.

The University of Warwick has a wealth of expertise in the history of science and technology. We cover the full range of scientific disciplines, from physics to anthropology to economics, as well as the technologies associated with them. Our teaching and research in this area is distinctive. It links up the history of scientific theories with wider historical phenomena such as war, religion, globalisation, ideology, social and environmental change, and the rise and fall of states and empires. This work is integrated into various projects in the History Department and is connected to other Warwick research centres in the sciences, humanities and social sciences.

The History of Science and Technology Hub is a portal to the people, teaching, research and events related to the history of science and technology at Warwick.

To find out more, please visit our website.

And you can follow us on Twitter @HistSciTechHub.

All the best,
Michael Bycroft, James Poskett, and Claudia Stein

May HPS&ST Note

The May HPS&ST Note is on the web here.

CONTENTS

  • Introduction
  • International Congress on the History of Science in Education, May 30 – June 1, 2019, Vila Real, Portugal
  • 15th International History, Philosophy and Science Teaching Group (IHPST) Biennial Conference, Thessaloniki, July 15-19, 2019
  • epiSTEME 8, January 3 – 6, 2020, Mumbai, India
  • Structuring Nature: An Interdisciplinary and Intercultural Summer School, Berlin, 28 July – 3 August 2019
  • New Editor of Science & Education Journal
  • What are the Philosophical and Interdisciplinary Foundations of STEM Education?  SC&ED Journal Special Issue
  • Interactive Historical Atlas of the Disciplines
  • University of Pittsburgh HPS Programme and Events
  • Scientific Literacy for All, Beijing Normal University, Oct.29-30, 2019
  • Interview with Mario Bunge
  • Opinion Page: The Metaphysics of Science and Aim-Oriented Empiricism, Nicholas Maxwell
  • PhD Theses in HPS&ST Domain: Gerda Maisa Jensen, University of São Paulo
  • Recent HPS&ST Research Articles
  • Recent HPS&ST Related Books
  • Coming HPS&ST Related Conferences

This HPS&ST monthly Note is sent to about 7,800 individuals who directly or indirectly have an interest in the connections of history and philosophy of science with theoretical, curricular and pedagogical issues in science teaching, and/or interests in the promotion of more engaging and effective teaching of the history and philosophy of science.

The Note is also sent to different HPS lists and to science education lists.  It is an information list, not a discussion list.

The Note seeks to serve the diverse international community of HPS&ST scholars and teachers by disseminating information about events and publications that connect to HPS&ST concerns.

Contributions to the Note (publications, thematic issues, conferences, Opinion Page, etc.) are welcome and should be sent direct to the editor:

Michael R. Matthews, UNSW, m.matthews@unsw.edu.au

If you have friends, colleagues or students who would like to subscribe to the list, tell them to send a message to: hpsst-list-subscribe@lists.unsw.edu.au. There is no need for subject header or any message; the email itself suffices for addition to the hpsst-list.

Regards,
Michael Matthews

Animal Studies Journal 8.1 out now

his issue of Animal Studies Journal collects articles on a broad range of topics. The first cover speculative emu perspectives (this issue’s Provocation from the Field), the Internet of Things, Māori plant-based diets, and extinction nostalgia. Several contributions then explore the decentring of the human in fictional contexts. Finally practice meets politics in articles on NSW greyhound racing, the Dutch Party for the Animals and the ‘entangled activism’ of opposing duck shooting. The issue concludes with reviews of seven recent publications.

All articles are freely available online here or by following the links below.

Contents:

Animal Studies Journal 2019 8 (1): Cover Page, Table of Contents, Editorial and Notes on Contributors
Melissa Boyde

Provocations from the Field – Derangement and Resistance: Reflections from Under the Glare of an Angry Emu
Pattrice Jones

Is There a Turtle in this Text? Animals in the Internet of Robots and Things
Nicola J. Evans and Alison Rotha Moore

Kaimangatanga: Maori Perspectives on Veganism and Plant-based Kai
Kirsty Dunn

Remembering the Huia: Extinction and Nostalgia in a Bird World
Cameron Boyle

First Dog, Last Dog: New Intertextual Short Fictions about Canis lupus familiaris
A. Frances Johnson

Space on Par: A short performance for one performer
Peta Tait

Life and Death with Horses: Gillian Mears’ Novel Foal’s Bread
Deborah Wardle

Greyhounds and Racing Industry Participants: A Look at the New South Wales Greyhound Racing Community
Justine Groizard

If Animals Could Talk: Reflection on the Dutch Party for Animals in Student Assignments
Helen Kopnina

‘Animals Are Their Best Advocates’: Interspecies Relations, Embodied Actions, and Entangled Activism
Gonzalo Villanueva

[Review] Joshua Lobb, The Flight of Birds. Sydney University Press, 2019. 322pp
Alex Lockwood

[Review] Sue Coe, Zooicide: Seeing Cruelty, Demanding Abolition. With an Essay by Stephen F. Eisenman AK Press, 2018. 128pp
Wendy Woodward

‘Let’s Find Out! What Do I Make?’ [Review] Kathryn Gillespie, The Cow with Ear Tag #1389. University of Chicago Press, 2018. 272pp
Hayley Singer

[Review] Jacob Bull, Tora Holmberg and Cecilia Åsberg, editors, Animal Places: Lively Cartographies of Human-Animal Relations. Routledge, 2018. 276pp
Zoei Sutton

[Review] James Hevia, Animal Labor and Colonial Warfare. Chicago University Press, 2018. 328pp
Peta Tait

[Review] Lesley A. Sharp, Animal Ethos: The Morality of Human-Animal Encounters in Experimental Lab Science. University of California Press, 2018. 312pp
Denise Russell

[Review] Michael Lundblad, editor, Animalities: Literary and Cultural Studies Beyond the Human. Edinburgh University Press, 2017. 249pp
Wendy Woodward

The emergence of the neo-colonial in the post-modern, global present; the insidious nature of modernity and development

The emergence of the neo-colonial in the post-modern, global present; the insidious nature of modernity and development.

Narratives of colonialism remain hidden in the present-day discourses of development and progress; – global social disparity keeps on emerging at a faster pace than the discourses of development can recognise and address and we see, unfolding before our eyes, such social anomalies of civil war based on religion and famine-like conditions in the so-called developing third-worlds. Wealthy philanthropic agencies and global health organizations of the western worlds – abetted by the global financial/banking organizations – use development models of assistance to disburse their largesse and these are symptomatic of neo-colonialism as these organizations refuse to acknowledge that development cannot necessarily be equated with improved sanitation conditions, tarred roadways, electrical connectivity and the eradication of diseases. Deconstructing such notions of modernity and development is but a repetitive gesture of what has been articulated before; in 1972, Aimē Cēsaire, wrote Discourse on Colonialism; “They talk to me about progress, about ‘achievements,’ diseases cured, improved standards of living,” and he continues with his critique of western notions of development that used to be coerced into the colonial third-worlds:

am talking about societies drained of their essence, cultures trampled underfoot, institutions undermined, lands confiscated, religions smashed, magnificent artistic creations destroyed, extraordinary possibilities wiped out.

They throw facts at my head, statistics, mileages of roads, canals, and railroad tracks.

am talking about thousands of men sacrificed to the Congo-Ocean. I am´ talking about those who, as I write this, are digging the harbor of Abidjan by hand. I am talking about millions of men torn from their gods, their land, their habits, their life – from life, from the dance, from wisdom. (Monthly Review Press, 1972: pp. 21–22)

The dominant discourse on development seems to be caught up by a particular strand of thinking – whereby the agrarian citizens of the third-worlds – are caught up in being referred to as the Other. The western models of development, which seem to suit the needs of global health organization, are unable to categorise these disease-ridden citizens as being ‘normal’; – and as in need of perpetual healthcare or afflicted by diseases which defines them as ontologically pathological.  Programs which obsess with global health issues- and deal with death tolls and diseases caused by polio and malaria – seem to work in collaboration with pharma companies where the desire is to come up with the ideal vaccine; as if this vaccine would create better human beings. Third-world governments – being poor and cash-strapped – are co-opted by such rhetoric.

Polio, malaria and the afflicted native.

Under the guise of being philanthropic organizations – funding institutes like the Gates Foundation – only disseminate and perpetuate certain notions of a neo-colonial imperial policy. In India, Gates fetishizes the issue of sanitation and the absence of proper bathrooms in rural India; and his obsession with the sanitation habits of the subaltern poor – has codified the  identity of the Indian peasantry as being confined to his bathroom habits; and with an obsessive focus on sanitation issues – it is implied that the only issue affecting the subaltern is that they lack access to commodes and underground sewage pipelines. Being poor is bad enough; being at the mercy of the above funding agency is sheer misery. Whatever karma one has done – I am not sure if one has to be at the receiving end of such ghastly philanthropy as is displayed by the above; even hell would be better – than allowing western billionaires being involved in your moral upliftment which would only be possible if you stopped pooping in the open. The methods that are used to denigrate the subalterns of the 3rd worlds – are devious and invisible; under the guise of being a philanthropic organization–  such philanthropic agencies ensure that the discursive identity of the impoverished in India – is always-forever fixed within a monolithic concept: the poverty stricken third-world holds out a begging bowl and it needs the grandiose gestures of western, capitalist billionaires.

On Migrants and Refugees.

The existing rhetoric of migration (forced and voluntary) and of refugees – that is used to refer to the concepts of the geo-social movements of people – is problematic and smacks of being a part-and-parcel of western, first-world agencies (like the UN and the World Bank) that implement and propagate the so-called development theories like a mantra. Simply said – the trope of such narratives would be: poor people from the 3rd worlds (Africa- for example) – migrate to richer countries in the West/Europe because they are poor. Thereby – development scholars would refer to those Africans as migrants who have become refugees in Europe. Undoubtedly – in this day and age – such rhetoric that is used by development theorists and sanctioned by global, powerful, agencies is mostly embarrassing, if not outright ridiculous.

The native baboo: the mimic-men.

These global finance/banking institutions, philanthropic organizations and global health organizations work in collaboration with the native intelligentsia – the modern-day-western educated native baboos who are the ideal ‘mimic-men’ and unable to interrogate the abusive systems they perpetuate in the native contexts. The question is: how does one circumvent these rich, overpowering funding institutions from the West and prevent them from co-opting all forms of critiques and thereby, create spaces that are truly emancipatory and liberatory for the third-world natives? Undoubtedly, Cēsaire’s harsh critique that has been cited above – is an act of ‘nativism’ which construes cultural identity and traditions as being the defining, discursive parameter of identity – but more importantly, it does throw light on the fact that the dominant theories of development are incredibly flawed and problematic and thereby, detrimental for the healthy growth of any society as they create monolithic, static identities of the underdeveloped third-world citizens who are perpetually needy, hunger-stricken and pathologically ailing.

This is a call to create a series of texts that will accommodate both intellectual and artistic interventions against the dominant discourses of development; -/মরীচিকা: Mō-rī-chī-kā: Mirage/ is an independent institution in Calcutta, India comprising of concerned scholars and artists. For more, please visit the website here.

For information, please email the series editor: Tapati Bharadwaj at morichika.mirage@gmail.com.

This is an ongoing series; deadline: September, 2019.

Contact Info:
Tapati Bharadwaj. -/মরীচিকা: Mō-rī-chī-kā: Mirage/ EC. 101. Salt Lake. Kolkata – 700064.India.
tbharad@gmail.com

Call for Columnists: Perspectives Daily

The American Historical Association is seeking three graduate students to write a series of two columns for online publication in Perspectives Daily during the summer. Columnists will select and write about themes of their choosing, and will work with the AHA’s editors in preparing their pieces for publication.

If you are a current history graduate student looking to hone your writing skills and share what you do as a historian with a wide audience, consider applying! If you know a graduate student who could benefit from this experience, please encourage them to apply. Columnists receive a free one-year membership to the AHA and an honorarium.

Detailed application instructions can be found here. The application deadline is April 26.

If you have any questions, e-mail Managing Editor Kritika Agarwal at kagarwal@historians.org.

New Books in Science Seeking Podcast Hosts

New Books in Science is currently seeking hosts interested in conducting interviews with authors of new books on science and the history of science. Hosting the channel is a good way to bring the work of scholars of science to the attention of large audiences. Interested parties should write Marshall Poe at marshallpoe@gmail.com.

New Books in Science is part of the New Books Network, a non-profit consortium of 84 author-interview podcasts focused on academic books. The NBN serves one million episodes a month to a worldwide audience. Its mission is outreach and public education.