CFP: Special Issues of Centaurus

Centaurus, the official Journal of the European Society for the History of Science, regularly publishes issues dedicated to a special theme. Recently published special issues include:

  • Tercentenary of D’Alembert’s Birth (1717-1783): A Review of the Latest Research.
  • The Promises of Science: Historical Perspectives.
  • How Do Writings in the Early Astral Sciences Reveal Mathematical Practices?
  • Scoops, Scams and Scuffles: The Construction of Prehistoric Knowledge in Newspapers.

The ESHS and the Editorial Board of Centaurus are now soliciting proposals for special issues for 2020 and 2021.

Proposals should include the following:

  1. A description of the topic and its significance (approximately 500 words).
  2. A list of 6 to 10 contributors and a title and paragraph describing each contributor’s individual essay. Note that we would normally expect a diverse set of authors.
  3. A brief CV of the guest editor(s).
  4. A schedule of production (date of first submission; time for peer review; time for revisions; final version ready).

Centaurus is growing and special issues can now be larger than before. More than 150 pages (75,000 words) are available for a special issue, and the size of the issue can be negotiated with the editor. All topics that fall within the scope of the journal can be chosen. See the website of the journal here.

For more detailed information for authors, see the author guidelines here.

We are especially looking forward to receiving proposals for interdisciplinary special issues.

The committee selecting the special issues will be composed of the editorial board and ESHS representatives. Criteria include the quality, innovative character and interest of the proposal, the expertise of the guest editor(s), the expertise and diversity of the authors, and the coherence and feasibility of the project.

Deadline: proposals should be sent to the editor (at the address below) no later than January 15, 2019. The results of the selection process will be announced in February 2019.

If you cannot make this deadline, please send a note to the Editor, and it may be possible to negotiate a different deadline. Ad hoc proposals will also be considered, but proposals sent in response to the Annual Call will receive priority.

Sincerely yours,

Koen Vermeir, Editor of Centaurus
EiC.Centaurus@zoho.eu

CFP: Victorian Visions

Victorian Network is an open-access, MLA-indexed, peer-reviewed journal dedicated to publishing and promoting the best work across the broad field of Victorian Studies by postgraduate students and early career academics. We are delighted to announce that our thirteenth issue (Winter 2019) will be guest edited by Professor Kate Flint on the theme of “Victorian Visions”.

In the course of the long nineteenth century, advances in technology, developments in medicine and psychology, and corresponding innovation in the arts and literature, participated in a reconceptualisation of sight. The advent of mass production by way of print, photography, optical apparatus and toys (such as panoramas, kaleidoscopes, and finally moving pictures), introduced the visual as a more pervasive and accessible feature of daily life. At the same time, dreams, daydreams, hallucinations, and mesmeric visions garnered scientific attention. The arts and literature, as well as the disciplines of clinical medicine and psychology, became preoccupied with the possibilities and limitations of seeing, of making visible, and of visual representation.

In recent years, a rapidly expanding field of Victorian studies has increasingly drawn attention to the diverse ways in which vision, visuality, and seeing – in both their optical and imaginative meanings – shaped the cultural and social landscape of the long nineteenth century. Scholars including Kate Flint, Christopher Otter, Daryl Ogden, Jonathan Potter, and Srdjan Smajić have investigated how vision, in its myriad interpretations, functioned in the lives of the Victorians. Their work has contributed to discourses on sight and blindness, on gendered visions and the politics of the gaze, as well as political and ideological visions. All highlight the manifold points of contact between visuality, the visual arts, and literature.

Thinking about ‘Victorian Visions’ thus invites us to move beyond the obvious, to focus on how visuality engages with our senses, and to look at the complex intellectual and philosophical significations that new-found attitudes towards optics and visuality generated.

We invite submissions of approximately 7,000 words on any aspect of the theme in Victorian literature and culture. Possible topics include, but are by no means limited to:

  • The eye, optics, and the science of sight
  • Sight and blindness
  • The visible/invisible
  • Seeing and being seen; spectacle and being on display
  • Surveillance and panoptic vision
  • Panoramic vision and the simultaneity of sight
  • Mirrors, reflections, and mediated sight
  • Developments in illustration, including engraving, and the illustrated press
  • Optical toys and the visual marketplace
  • The scientific development of synthetic colour pigments and the significance of hue
  • Intersections between the visual arts and literature
  • Realism versus impressionism in art and literature
  • Gendered vision and the politics of the gaze
  • Cosmopolitan vision
  • Vision and prophecy; the temporality of seeing (looking at the past and the future)
  • The relationship between outward and inward sight (seeing with the mind’s eye); the psychology of sight
  • Hallucinations, dreams, and fantasy; the effect of drugs (especially opium) on the visual senses
  • Neo-Victorian visions

All submissions should conform to MHRA house style and the in-house submission guidelines. Submissions should be received by 17 March 2019.

See more information here.

Victorian Network is also looking for book reviewers to reflect on recent scholarship relating to the theme of “Victorian Visions.” If you are interested in reviewing a book for our forthcoming issue, please contact us with your status/job, affiliation, research interests, and (if you have any) ideas of books you would like to review in connection to the theme.

Contact: victoriannetwork@gmail.com

CFP: Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence: The Past, Present, and Future of AI

Seeking contributors for a single-volume encyclopedia, Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence, to be published by ABC-CLIO in spring 2020.

An updated list of available entries may be viewed here.

Some people believe that Artificial Intelligence (AI) will revolutionize modern life in ways that improve human existence. Others say that the promise of AI is overblown. And still others contend that AI applications could pose a grave threat to the economic security of millions of people by taking their jobs and otherwise rendering them “obsolete.” Or even worse, that AI could actually spell the end of the human race, as posited by Stephen Hawking in 2014.

This encyclopedia will provide readers with a complete overview of Artificial Intelligence and help users understand the reasons why AI development has both spirited defenders and alarmed critics. It will survey AI’s historic development and current status; explain existing and projected applications; profile AI’s biggest proponents and detractors; and explain theories and innovations using language and terminology accessible to a lay audience.

Contributors receive writing credit and eBook access to the published set. Contributors also get a free copy of the book for essays totaling 2500 words contributed (domestic) or 5500 words contributed (international).

If you are interested in writing for this project, please email encyclopedia co-editor Dr. Michael Klein (kleinmj@jmu.edu), with a brief CV and list of areas of interest and expertise, and he will send a list of available entries.

Thank you for your interest in this important project.

—Dr. Philip L. Frana and Dr. Michael Klein, James Madison University

Circumscribere Journal – Center Simão Mathias for Studies in History of Science, São Paulo

Circumscribere is an international online open-access peer-reviewed journal edited by Center Simão Mathias for Studies in the History of Science, since 2006. It is published twice a year and carries academic articles on the history of science, technology and medicine. Searching to reach the international community of researchers in our area, Circumscribere Journal is published in a multilingual format.

The link to the journal is here.

YouTube: Circumscribere Journal

Facebook: @circumJHC

Twitter: @CircumJHC

For further information, contact:

Luciana Costa Lima Thomaz
Executive Editor
circumscriberejournal@gmail.com

CFP: New Health & Medical Humanities List

Emerald Publishing (2018 IPG Academic & Professional Publisher of the Year) is pleased to announce investment in a new Humanities book programme. Our commitment to interdisciplinary research means that we are moving into the Humanities for the first time, building new lists primarily in three exciting and increasingly important areas:

  • Health and Medical Humanities – the list will take a broad approach to include research which links the arts and humanities with health and social care, the application of arts and humanities to the education and training of medical professionals and practitioners, the history of medicine, narrative medicine, literature and medicine, philosophy of medicine, graphic medicine and bioethics (amongst other areas).
  • Digital Humanities and digital cultures – research which explores the intersection of humanities and scholarly communication with new digital tools, technologies and methods
  • Environmental Humanities – including environmental literature, ecocriticism, environmental history, environmental philosophy and environmental anthropology

We are developing new book series in each of these areas and actively commissioning stand-alone book projects (covering research monographs and edited collections, short-form Emerald Points books, and reference works such as handbooks and encyclopaedias).

Our Humanities lists will champion quality scholarship, fresh thinking and new approaches which have the potential to shape research and practice beyond the academy.

Please do get in touch with our Humanities Publisher (Ben Doyle) at bdoyle@emeraldgroup.com if you have a book or series idea you’d like discuss.

EASTM: New Issue #48 Published

The latest issue #48 of the Journal of EAST ASIAN SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AND MEDICINE, featuring a Focus on “Swarms, herds, and peoples — Examinations of Interspecies Dynamics in China,” is published and available online at www.eastm.org.

Table of Contents

Note from the Editor by CATHERINE JAMI

Focus: Swarms, herds, and peoples—Examinations of Interspecies Dynamics in China

Focus Introduction by DAVID A. BELLO and C. MICHELE THOMPSON

Hacking the Yak: The Chinese Effort to Improve a Tibetan Animal in the Early Twentieth Century by MARK E. FRANK

Consider the Qing Locust by DAVID A. BELLO

Article

The Use of Pain in Childbirth Recorded in Chinese Medical Works by MARGARET WEE SIANG NG

December HPS&ST Note

The December HPS&ST Note is on the web, accessible here.

Contents

  • 16th Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science and Technology (DLMPST), Czech Technical University, Prague, August 5-10
  • International Congress on the History of Science in Education, May 30 – June 1, 2019, Vila Real, Portugal
  • 15th International History, Philosophy and Science Teaching Group (IHPST) Biennial Conference, Thessaloniki, July 15-19, 2019
  • Vale: Adolf Grunbaum (1923-2018)
  • Joseph Novak Autobiography: Free and Downloadable
  • Philosophy of Science with Children
  • Eddington Conference: Arthur S. Eddington: From Physics to Philosophy and Back Again, 27-29 May 2019, Paris
  • BSHS Translation Series Wilhelm Johannsen’s About Darwinism …
  • Downloadable and Gratis Book: Being Modern: The Cultural Impact of Science in the Early Twentieth Century
  • Opinion Page:  How History can Enable Better Teaching of Statistics in Introductory Biology Courses Dhyaneswaran Palanichamy & Bruce V. Lewenstein
  • PhD Theses in HPS&ST Domain: Cody Williams, Western Michigan University
  • Recent HPS&ST Research Articles
  • Recent HPS&ST Related Books
  • Coming HPS&ST Related Conferences

The HPS&ST monthly Note is sent to about 7,500 individuals who directly or indirectly have an interest in the connections of history and philosophy of science with theoretical, curricular and pedagogical issues in science teaching, and/or interests in the promotion of more engaging and effective teaching of the history and philosophy of science.

The note is also sent to different HPS lists and to science education lists.  It is an information list, not a discussion list.

The note seeks to serve the diverse international community of HPS&ST scholars and teachers by disseminating information about events and publications that connect to HPS&ST concerns.

Please do feel free to forward this email to any local, national or international lists whose members you think would appreciate knowing of the Note and its web location. Forwarding the notification email is a very easy and efficient way of multiplying the readership and so increasing awareness of HPS&ST matters.

Contributions to the note (publications, thematic issues, conferences, Opinion Page, etc.) are welcome and should be sent direct to the editor: Michael R. Matthews, UNSW, m.matthews@unsw.edu.au.

If you have friends, colleagues or students who would like to subscribe to the list, tell them to send a message to hpsst-list-subscribe@lists.unsw.edu.au. There is no need for subject header or any message; the email itself suffices for addition to the hpsst-list.

Call for Manuscripts: Studies in the History of Healthcare (edited by Prof. Linda Bryder and Prof. Martin Gorsky)

Peter Lang is seeking proposals for the series Studies in the History of Healthcare, edited by Professor Linda Bryder (University of Auckland) and Professor Martin Gorsky (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine).

Studies in the History of Healthcare provides an outlet for academic monographs (sole- or multi-authored) devoted to both the social and the intellectual dimensions of the history of medicine, with a special emphasis on public health, health care and health services. The focus of the series is on the nineteenth and/or twentieth centuries, and is international in scope. The series encourages investigations into public health including environmental health, preventive medicine, responses to lifestyle diseases, and maternal and child health. It also embraces studies of health policy, health systems and state medicine, including in colonial and postcolonial settings. While studies may focus on general medicine, they would also give appropriate weight to healthcare as it relates to sectors such as indigenous peoples, older people, mentally ill and/or other vulnerable social groups. Unless they are placed in a broad context and address significant historical questions the series does not include biographies or histories of individual institutions and organisations. The monographs included in this series reflect the cutting edge of research in the now well-established and still expanding field of medical history.

Studies in the History of Healthcare is a successor to Studies in the History of Medicine, edited formerly by Charles Webster.

Please contact commissioning editor Philip Dunshea (p.dunshea@peterlang.com) if you would like more information on the series, or if you would like to discuss a proposal.

Adolf Grünbaum (May 15, 1923 – November 15, 2018)

Adolf Grünbaum had a profound impact on philosophy of science. Grünbaum, President of the PSA from 1965-1970, originated the biennial meeting structure beginning in 1968 at a meeting he hosted in Pittsburgh, PA. He recently commented on the 50th anniversary blog for our Seattle Biennial Meeting, November 1-4, 2018: “Over the last 50 years, I have seen a stronger integration of science into the study of philosophy. Without that scientific foundation, our understanding of the world in which we live would be tremendously impoverished.”

Grünbaum was born in Cologne, Germany and suffered as a Jewish child under the Nazis. He and his family immigrated to, in his words, the “life-saving US” in 1938, five years after Hitler took power and eight months before Kristallnacht. At age fifteen, Grünbaum had to learn English, which he did at a Bronx high school where he became friends with Robert S. Cohen, and later followed Cohen to Wesleyan where he received a BA with high distinction in both Philosophy and Mathematics.

In 1943, for a short time, Grünbaum worked in a war research unit on vacuum tube development and radar, but then was drafted into the Army where he received US citizenship before being trained at Camp Ritchie, Maryland in military combat intelligence. Due to his fluency in German, as a Ritchie Boy from 1944 to 1946, Grünbaum was sent to the Wannsee Villa where he interrogated Nazi officers.

Grünbaum went on to Yale University where he received an M.S. in physics (1948) and his Ph.D. on “The Philosophy of Continuity,” with Carl G. Hempel as his dissertation director (1951). In 1949, he married Thelma. Their mutual devotion was evident by their inside jokes, and her frequent presence in the audience reading the text of the paper Adolf was presenting, ready to help out if needed. They had a daughter, Barbara, born in 1957.

In his first academic appointment, Grünbaum quickly rose from assistant professor to named chair at Lehigh University (1950-1960). In 1960 he was appointed Andrew Mellon Professor at the University of Pittsburgh, a title he held until his death at the age of 95. The University of Pittsburgh administrators wisely waived the 40-year-old age requirement for the Mellon Chair in order to award it when Grünbaum was only 37.  At the University of Pittsburgh he founded and was the first director of The Center for the Philosophy of Science. He was instrumental in building a world-class faculty in the Department of Philosophy, including the appointments of Nicholas Rescher, Wilfrid Sellars, Gerald Massey, Carl G. Hempel, and Wesley C. Salmon.  In 2003, Grünbaum became Primary Research Professor in the Department of History and Philosophy Science. He was also a research professor in the Department of Psychiatry. Grünbaum inspired and encouraged dozens of students in his more than 60 year career, serving on many dissertation committees and notably supervising the PhD dissertations of Alberto Coffa, Philip Quinn, and Bas van Fraassen.

Adolf Grünbaum’s research issued in more than 400 publications (which includes 12 books) in philosophical problems of space, time, and cosmology; on the nature of scientific methodology, especially on rational inference; and on the foundations of psychoanalysis and psychiatry. “Adolf Grünbaum’s Philosophical Problems of Space and Time (1963, revised 1973) set the agenda for studies of these topics for mid-twentieth century analytic philosophy. It was an agenda with a pronounced point of view: a firm empiricism combined with a rigorous understanding of contemporary space-time physics.” wrote Hoefer and Cartwright in a 1993 Festschrift for Grünbaum. Wes Salmon, in a 1965 review in Science, wrote “So remarkable is the scope of this book that it is difficult to think of any important philosophical problem of space or time that is not treated, or to find any important contributor whose views are not taken into account.”  Many have celebrated Grünbaum’s adept combination of detail and scope, and his attention to the mutual dependence of actual science and philosophical understanding.

In the 1970’s Grünbaum developed trenchant critiques of Karl Popper’s philosophy of science, including rejecting Popper’s claim that psychoanalysis is non-scientific. This inspired Grünbaum to point his critical gaze to the details of psychoanalysis, to expose its conceptual foundations and defend its scientific status, not just against Popper, but also against those, like Habermas and Ricoeur, who defended a hermeneutic view. His views were expressed in his 1984 The Foundations of Psychoanalysis: A Philosophical Critique. Here again we see Grünbaum’s signature approach. As von Eckhardt put it in a 1985 article, “Grünbaum’s contribution in … psychoanalytic epistemology … is unparalleled on … (two) counts. Not only does he bring to bear a very great sophistication in the philosophy of science, but in addition he has done his psychoanalytic homework.”

Adolf Grünbaum’s contributions to philosophy of science were varied. He not only shaped discussions of space and time, of how scientists reason empirically, including by what empirical standards clinical sciences like psychiatry should be judged, he also shaped the professional landscape in which philosophy of science has thrived in the US and internationally. In addition to serving as president of the PSA, he also was president of the APA (1982-3), of the Division of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science of the International Union of History and Philosophy of Science (2004-5), and of the International Union itself (2006-7). His scholarship was recognized by a number of organizations. Grünbaum was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a laureate of the International Academy of Humanism and a member of Academie Internationale de Philosophie des Sciences. He was awarded the Senior US Scientist Humboldt Prize, the Italian Fregene Prize for science, the University of Parma Silver Medal,the Wilbur Lucius Cross Medal from Yale University, and the Commander’s Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany.

On a personal note, Adolf Grünbaum taught one of my first seminars when I was a new graduate student in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science in 1977. He welcomed questions from students, but we learned quickly you asked one at your own peril. Grünbaum, with a smile on his face, would dissect your question, pointing out the false assumptions you were making, expose every inch of what you clearly did not understand, and lead you meticulously to a better question. In this process students were treated with the same intellectual seriousness as the professional philosophers Grünbaum critically engaged in print, and held to the same high standards he applied to himself. I learned a lesson from Adolf I try to pass on to my students, that a combination of boundless curiosity and rigorous critical analysis is essential to becoming a successful philosopher of science. And it always helps to do it with a smile. More recently, I had the great pleasure of knowing Adolf not just as my teacher, but also as my colleague and friend.

Sandra D. Mitchell, Distinguished Professor
Department of History and Philosophy of Science
University of Pittsburgh

President of the PSA, 2016-2018

See the full text here.