Call for Letters of Interest to Serve as Secretary of the PSA

The Governing Board of the Philosophy of Science Association seeks to fill the newly created position of Secretary of the Association to begin 1 January 2020. The Secretary serves as an ex officio, non-voting member of the Governing Board, which meets once each year in the late spring and also immediately before or after the biennial meeting of the PSA. The primary responsibility of the Secretary is to ensure that all required records of the Association are kept, including accurate records of the acts and proceedings of all meetings of the Governing Board. The Secretary is also responsible for ensuring that all required notices are given (such as annual reports of officers or changes to bylaws), and may be asked to perform other duties as needed. The Secretary is an unpaid position, and is appointed by the Governing Board. The Secretary serves for a term of four years, renewable; there is no limit on the number of terms the Secretary may serve. As with all officers of the Association, the Secretary must be a member of the PSA.

 

If you are interested in serving the Association in this capacity, please send a letter of interest describing your qualifications or experience, along with a CV, to office@philsci.org no later than 1 December 2019. Any questions can be directed to PSA Executive Director, Jessica Pfeifer (psa@umbc.edu), or to PSA President, Alison Wylie (alison.wylie@ubc.ca).

Humanities for All

In summer 2018, the National Humanities Alliance launched Humanities for All, with the support of The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, to document and promote publicly engaged humanities research, teaching, preservation, and programming in U.S. higher education. The initiative brings together over 1,500 examples, showcasing the range of humanities work conducted with and for communities by scholars at universities, colleges, and scholarly societies across the United States.

To keep pace with the growth and increasing diversity of publicly engaged work across the humanities, we are writing to invite recommendations of work to include in the Humanities for All website.

If you are aware of publicly engaged research, teaching, preservation, or programming that should be included in Humanities for All, we would be grateful if you submitted its information here.

We thank you in advance for joining us in this important work of supporting public engagement in the humanities.

Best regards,

Daniel Fisher, Ph.D.
Project Director, Humanities for All
National Humanities Alliance
dfisher@nhalliance.org

Research Opportunities, Association for Computing Machinery

The ACM (Association for Computing Machinery) SIGCHI (Special Interest Group on Computers and Human Interaction) History Task Force seeks one or more people in fields such as History of Science, History of Technology, or Information to design a structured repository of links to existing digital materials that record aspects of human-computer interaction (HCI) history, including artifacts, interviews, oral histories, surveys, and reflections. The job includes defining the metadata that enable effective search and identifying available material. The repository will be a resource for the HCI community and for historians.  We also seek one or more people in fields such as History of Science, History of Technology, or Ethnography to add to our supply of oral histories of our field. Reply by email with brief statement of interest to sigchi-history@acm.org.

Ron Baecker, Emeritus Prof of Computer Science, University of Toronto

October HPS&ST Newsletter

The October HPS&ST Newsletter is on the web here.

CONTENTS

  • Introduction
  • Society for Philosophy of Science in Practice (SPSP) Eighth Biennial Conference, 7 – 10 July 2020, Michigan State University, USA
  • Journal Special Issue: “Idealization, Representation, Explanation Across the Sciences”, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
  • The Partington Prize 2020
  • Mario Bunge Celebrates a Century
  • 16th DLMPST Congress, Prague, August 5-10, Report
  • 8th Integrated History and Philosophy of Science Conference (&HPS8), Virginia Tech, Blacksburgh VA, July 15-17, 2020
  • Science, Religion and Big Questions Conference, 22-23 June 2020, University of Oxford
  • Editor Sought, Annals of Science
  • Opinion Page: Maurice Finocchiaro, Galileo’s Legacy: Avoiding the Myths and Muddles
  • HPS&ST Newsletter, Assistant Editor Required
  • PhD Theses in HPS&ST Domain
  • Recent HPS&ST Research Articles
  • Recent HPS&ST Related Books
  • Coming HPS&ST Related Conferences

Please note that an Assistant Editor is being sought for the Newsletter. Inquiries are most welcome.

The HPS&ST Newsletter is sent monthly to about 8,500 individuals who directly or indirectly have an interest in the connections of history and philosophy of science with theoretical, curricular and pedagogical issues in science teaching, and/or interests in the promotion of more engaging and effective teaching of the history and philosophy of science.

The note is also sent to different HPS lists and to science education lists.  It is an information list, not a discussion list.

The note seeks to serve the diverse international community of HPS&ST scholars and teachers by disseminating information about events and publications that connect to HPS&ST concerns.

Please do feel free to forward this email to any local, national or international lists whose members you think would appreciate knowing of the Note and its web location.  Forwarding the notification email is a very easy and efficient way of multiplying the readership and so increasing awareness of HPS&ST matters.

Contributions to the note (publications, thematic issues, conferences, Opinion Page, etc.) are welcome and should be sent direct to the editor:

Michael R. Matthews, UNSW, m.matthews@unsw.edu.au.

If you have friends, colleagues or students who would like to subscribe to the list, tell them to send a message to: hpsst-list-subscribe@lists.unsw.edu.au. There is no need for subject header or any message; the email itself suffices for addition to the hpsst-list.

Regards,
Michael Matthews

CFP: Drugs and Drug Market

American Journal of Qualitative Research (AJQR) is pleased to announce a special issue on “Drugs and Drug Market” to be published in Spring 2020. The objective of this issue is to understand the current illegal drug market in various countries as a reference for policy makers and academics given the fact that qualitative research can provide more insight and information, which could be helpful for understanding the structure and dynamics of the illegal drug markets.

AJQR publishes purely qualitative research which includes but not limited to ethnography, interviews, content analysis, case studies, historical analysis and descriptive research. To that end, the guest editors welcome to have any manuscripts written in a variety of qualitative perspectives. We are specifically interested in having manuscripts from different countries and regions, which are coauthored by scholars and practitioners. The possible topics include, but are not limited to:

New Trends in Illegal Drug Market

Drug Trafficking

New Psychoactive Substances

Drug Law Enforcement and Investigations

Drug Market in Correctional Institutions

Legal and Policy Changes in Illegal Drugs

Impact of Legalization / Decriminalization of Cannabis

Online Drug Market, Darknet and Cybercrimes

All manuscripts will be peer reviewed and should be between 3000-8000 words with an unstructured abstract of 150-200 words. Manuscripts must be written in English with APA format. The deadline for submission of the manuscript is March 31, 2020. Prospective authors are encouraged to submit their proposal (e.g., an abstract, a cover letter including authors’ name, title, institutional affiliation, and email address) to the guest editors, Dalibor Doležal (dolezal.dalibor@gmail.com) and Arif Akgul (arif.akgul@gmail.com) by December 1, 2019.

For more information about the journal, please check its website.

Special Issue Editors:

Dalibor Doležal
Department of Criminology
University of Zagreb, Croatia

Arif Akgul
School of Criminology & Security Studies
Indiana State University, USA

Campaign to save the notebooks of Charles Lyell (1797-1875) – success!

Great news about the campaign to save Charles Lyell’s notebooks: the target of £966,000 has been achieved. David McClay, the fundraiser for the University of Edinburgh Library, has announced that nearly 1200 pledges were received, together with further donations from the National Heritage Memorial Fund and the University of Edinburgh,

Now is the time to fulfil your pledge; you can do this online here.

For UK taxpayers, if you are able to add Gift Aid, please do; this increases the value of your donation by 25%.

Although the notebooks have been secured, fund raising will continue to support the work of scanning the documents and developing a website to make them and much other Lyell material available.

Thanks to everyone on this list who has pledged — the number of donors greatly surpassed expectations and was a key factor in obtaining support from the National Heritage Memorial Fund and other bodies.

Jim Secord, University of Cambridge

CFP: Clockwise!? Technologies of time in early modern Europe (1530-1830)

During the early modern period horological technology took a quantum leap forward. While sixteenth-century clocks could easily loose several minutes a day, their inaccuracy had been, by the late eighteenth century, brought back to mere seconds. At the same time, clocks evolved from expensive, unwieldy machines into nifty, miniaturised, and (relatively) cheap versions, that could be taken along in the pockets of vests, coats or breeches. Last but not least, time was slowly but surely democratised, as longcase clocks, alarms, and pocket-watches percolated through the lower strata of society. These three evolutions are key ingredients in one of the classical master narratives in the history of past time awareness and timekeeping: David Landes’ horological revolution. Even though experts have challenged its teleological baseline, its technological determinism, and its Eurocentric lens, it still remains a moot question how time technology (re)shaped everyday life in early modern Europe and beyond. Was time technology really key to some sweeping (r)evolutions? Did clocks, pocket watches and other timepieces power the progress of science, administration, astronomy, business, justice, medicine, navigation, and other societal change? Or was their use rather a discursive strategy – a superficial kind of window-dressing or scientific swagger that physicians, chemists, cooks, judges, bankers, civil servants, and other professionals used to give their trade a modern touch? Was horological technology perceived as more efficient, accurate, or practical than the classic implements – sundials and hourglasses, heartbeats, knots, and prayers – that were traditionally used to time events? How resilient were these non-mechanical ways to measure time? Or, in sum, did clocks really matter? Therefore, our book aims to decentre, hone, or at least challenge the traditional role of clocks as agents of change in classic historiography.

We would like to invite papers that address these questions from a variety of perspectives – be it cultural, socioeconomic, or political history, history of science, medicine, consumption, mobility, and so on – and broach a series of new sources (including scientific manuals, criminal proceedings, trade registers, travel journals, letters and life-writing) from the early sixteenth to the early nineteenth century. Moreover, we encourage papers with a comparative European or even global scope. After a first round of feedback, the papers will be included in a book proposal to be submitted at Routledge. The deadline for submitting an abstract (max. 500 words) and a short CV (max 100 words) is 1 December 2019. Full papers (max. 8000 words, including references) are expected before 1 March 2020. Please submit your abstract, CV & paper via: gerrit.verhoeven@uantwerpen.be

Gianenrico Bernasconi & Marco Storni (Université de Neuchâtel)
Gerrit Verhoeven (University of Antwerp)

News of the Consortium – October 2019

News of the Consortium

October 2019
In this issue:

  • The University of Oklahoma Joins the Consortium
  • 2020-21 Fellowships Now Available
  • Announcing 2nd Round of 2019-20 Research Fellows
  • New Working Groups
  • Fellows Updates
  • Newly Acquired or Processed Collections
  • Events Calendar
 University of Oklahoma Joins Consortium
The Consortium is delighted to welcome the University of Oklahoma as its newest member. Scholars will be able to apply for Consortium fellowships to use OU collections starting in spring 2020. OU is home to one of the oldest programs in the U.S. in history of science, technology and medicine, as well as the History of Science Collections.

The Collections hold nearly 100,000 print volumes, with strengths in traditional fields including astronomy, physics, natural history, geology, technology, and science and religion. Areas of recent concentration include women in science, Islamicate science, star maps, and science and technology in Asia. History of environmental science, geology, meteorology, technology, physics, science and Native American culture, and natural history in the American West are featured in the Western History Collections and University Archives.

 2020-21 Fellowships Now Available
The Consortium invites applications for fellowships in the history of science, technology and medicine, broadly construed. Opportunities include:

  • Short-term Research Fellowships
  • Dissertation Fellowships
  • NEH Postdoctoral Fellowship
  • Fellows in Residence
  • Research Fellowships for Brazilian, Indian and South African scholars working in the medical humanities

To apply, please visit the online application form. The website also features: information about the fellowship programs of member institutions; descriptions of the exceptional collections in the museums, archives, and libraries of the Consortium; and a Consortium-wide search hub for rare books and manuscripts.

Applications for 2020-2021 must be submitted online no later than December 16, 2019.

 Announcing 2nd Round 2019-20 Research Fellowships
The Consortium has awarded a second round of research fellowships for 2019-20 to the following scholars:

Howard Chiang, UC Davis
Translators of the Soul: From the First Chinese Psychoanalyst to the Rise of Transcultural Psychiatry

Marcos Cueto, Casa de Oswaldo Cruz, Brazil
A History of Global AIDS and Health Activism in Brazil

Menglu Gao, Northwestern University
The Lacquered Chinese Box: Opium, Addiction, and the Fantasy of Empire in Nineteenth-century British Literature

Kit Heintzman, Harvard University
Medicine Unbridled: Veterinarians and Multispecies Statecraft, 1750-1815

Alani Hicks-Bartlett, Brown University
The Cure Gone Awry: Gender, Dis/ability, and the Ailing Empire in Medieval and Early Modern Europe

Christa Kuljian, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
Persistent Biological Myths: Fifty Years of Pushing Back Against Gender Bias in Science, 1969-2019

Xiao Li, Southern Illinois University
“A New Woman”: Yamei Kin’s Contributions to Medicine and Women’s Rights in the U.S. and China, 1864-1934

Diana Louis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Colored Insane: Slavery, Asylums, and Mental Illness in the 19th Century

Marcos Martins, UC San Diego
Political Medicine: Science Sovereignty and the Government of Imperial Bodies in the Portuguese Atlantic (1715-1818)

Dorin Smith, Brown University
Fictional Brains: Reflecting on the Neural Subject in the Nineteenth-Century American Novel

Justin Tackett, Stanford University
Poetry and Sound Technology, 1816-1914; Hardy and Radio; Poetics and the Prehistory of Silent Film, c.1880-c.1930

See the list of fellows from the first round of awards for 2019-20.

 Working Groups
Below is the list of working groups for 2019-20. Scholars from around the world participate online in small groups to discuss specialized topics. The schedule for all upcoming meetings is available. The Consortium is pleased to announce a slate of new working groups which will be starting soon. Follow the links below to register for any of the groups.

New Groups

Evolution and Heredity in Brazil
This group will examine the history of the evolutionary synthesis of genetics and natural selection, its impact upon agriculture, theories of race and eugenics, as well as other theories of heredity and evolution which influenced these processes.
Conveners: William deJong-Lambert, Bronx Community College; Robert Wegner, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation; Marcelo Lima Loreta, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

History of Science in Asia: Decolonizing the History of Science
This group will engage questions regarding the deconstruction of imperial visions and definitions of the sciences in Asia, and will seek to explore how new work can contribute to the diversification of perspectives in the history of science.
Conveners: Mary Brazelton, University of Cambridge; Elise Burton, University of Cambridge; Shireen Hamza, Harvard University; Charu Singh, University of Cambridge

Malingering and Social Welfare Policy
This group will both advance the historiography on the role of malingering and feigned illness in building and conceptualizing modern welfare states, and will highlight the persistence and relevance of that history in current debates over health and health policy in the West.
Convener: Daniel Goldberg

Measuring Aurality; Interdisciplinary Histories of Disability, Technology, and Military Acoustics
This group forges interdisciplinary and intersectional connections in the history of science, technology, and medicine, sound studies, military studies, and disability history to probe questions about measuring and manipulating modern aurality. It will examine how and why sound became measured and standardized, as well as how aurality intersected with social differences.
Conveners: Jessica Martucci, Science History Institute; David Suisman, University of Delaware; Jaipreet Vidri, University of Delaware

Sciences of the Senses
This group will focus on the overlapping histories of the sciences of nature and culture at the turn of the twentieth century, at a time when the human senses became central objects of investigation for anthropologists, linguists, physiologists, psychologists, technicians, and instrument makers. It will explore scientific attempts to produce knowledge through and about the senses as a way of restoring authentic continuities among disciplinary entities in flux, and producing scientific knowledge about human nature and culture.
Conveners: Cameron Brinitzer, University of Pennsylvania; Judy Kaplan, University of Pennsylvania

Under Tropical Skies: Science, Technology, and Society
This group seeks to address a gap in scholarship that has largely omitted tropical regions from the history of atmospheric sciences and technologies. Topics that it will consider include agricultural meteorology for tropical regions, climate technologies, and the involvement of women in tropical meteorology.
Conveners: Fiona Williamson, Singapore Management University; Ruth Morgan, Monash University; Jim Fleming, Colby College

 Fellows Updates

Leah Aronowsky, 2016-17 Research Fellow
Leah received the History of Science Society’s 2019 Ronald Rainger Award for best early career work in the history of earth and environmental sciences.

 

 

Kevin Baker, 2017-18 Dissertation Fellow
Kevin completed his dissertation and accepted a two-year postdoc at University of California, Berkeley, in the Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences Department.

 

Geoff Bil, 2018-19 Research Fellow
Geoff began a position as a Visiting Assistant Professor at the University of Delaware.

 

 

Roberta Chauca Tapia, 2014-15 Dissertation Fellow
Roberto published “El ‘imperio fluvial’ franciscano en la Amazonia occidental entre los siglos XVII y XVIII” [“The Franciscan ‘River Empire’ in Western Amazonia between the 17th and 18th Centuries”], in Historia Critica 73 (2019): 95-116.

 

Ryan Dahn, 2019-20 Fellow in Residence
Ryan published “Big Science, Nazified? Pascual Jordan, Adolf Meyer-Abich, and the Abortive Scientific Journal Physis” in Isis 110, no. 1 (March 2019).

 

 

Theodora Dryer, 2017-18 Dissertation Fellow; 2018-2019 Fellow in Residence
Theodora defended her dissertation and received the Dean’s Fellowship Award for Humanistic Studies from University of San Diego. She has been named Postdoctoral Associate at the AI Now Institute at New York University.

 

Alexandra Fair, 2018-19 Research Fellow
Alexandra received the 2019-20 Fulbright-University of Reading Postgraduate Award to study history in the United Kingdom. She recently published an article titled “Situating Standpoint Magazine: Conservative Journalism and Eugenic Ideology” on eugenic discourse in the British publication Standpoint. When she returns from the UK, Alexandra will begin a Ph.D. in African and African American Studies at Harvard University.

 

Abraham Gibson, 2014-15 NEH Postdoctoral Fellow
Abe recently co-edited a Focus Section on “Computational History and Philosophy of Science” and co-authored an article, “The History of Science and the Science of History: Computational Methods, Algorithms, and the Future of the Field,” both in the same issue of Isis (September 2019). Abe also published an article, “Moonshine Capital of the World: A Visual History of Untaxed Whiskey in Franklin County, Virginia,” in Environmental History (July 2019).

Jonathan Jones, 2017-18 Research Fellow
Jonathan has two forthcoming publications: “Opium Slavery: Civil War Veterans and Opiate Addiction” in The Journal of the Civil War Era and “Buying and Selling Masculinity: Civil War Veterans and Opiate Addiction Patent Cures” in Caroline E. Janney and James Marten, eds., Buying and Selling the Civil War.

Jessica Linker, 2013-14 Research Fellow
Jessica is a Visiting Assistant Professor at Haverford and Bryn Mawr, and a short-term fellow at the Library Company of Philadelphia. Jessica’s dissertation won the 2019 Zuckerman Dissertation Prize at the McNeil Center for Early American Studies. Her postdoc project, a digital history of Bryn Mawr women in science can be seen at: https://digitalscholarship.brynmawr.edu/howis/

Shana Lopes, 2015-16 Research Fellow
Shana joined the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art as Assistant Curator of Photography.

 

 

Joseph Malherek, 2015-16 NEH Postdoctoral Fellow
Joseph will be a Junior Fellow at the Institute for Advance Study at Central European University in Budapest for the 2019-202 academic year. He also recently published “Shopping Malls and Social Democracy: Victor Gruen’s Postwar Campaign for Conscientious Consumption in American Suburbia,” in Consumer Engineering, 1920s-1970s: Marketing between Expert Planning and Consumer Responsiveness, eds. Jan Logemann, Gary Cross and Ingo Köhler.

Jonson Miller, 2014-15 Research Fellow
Jonson will be publishing his book, The White Manhood of Engineering: Creating Engineers at the Antebellum Virginia Military Institute with Lever Press.

 

Vivek Neelakantan, 2018-19 Research Fellow
Vivek published a Bahasa Indonesia translation of his book, Science, Public Health and Nation-Building in Soekarno-Era Indonesia.

 

 

James Poskett, 2013-14 Research Fellow
James published Materials of the Mind: Phrenology, Race, and the Global History of Science, 1815-1920 with University of Chicago Press.

 

 

Lisa Ruth Rand, 2015-16 Dissertation Fellow; 2018-2019 Postdoctoral Fellow in Residence
Ruth has begun a two-year Haas Fellowship at the Science History Institute.

 

 

James Risk, 2015-16 Research Fellow
James published “The Fresnel Affair: Manufacturing, Technology Transfer, Republicanism, and the United States’ Adoption of the Fresnel Lighthouse Lens, 1819-1852” in The Northern Mariner/Le Marin du Nord 28, issue 4 (Autumn 2018).

 

Neeraja Sankaran, 2018-19 Research Fellow
Neeraja  is now editor of the HSS Newsletter, and has two publications: “Macfarlane Burnet: The Concept of Self” in Interference: International Review of Science 4, no. 4 (July 2019), and Anderson W., Sankaran N. (2019) “Historiography and Immunology” in Dietrich M., Borello M., Harman O. (eds), Handbook of the Historiography of Biology: Historiographies of Science, volume 1 (Springer, 2022). Neeraja will be an International Visiting Fellow at the Centre for History and Philosophy of Science (HPS) at the University of Leeds for one semester, beginning January 2020.

Óscar Moisés Torres Montúfar, 2016-17 Research Fellow
Óscar begins a position as Professor at the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), Mexico.

 

 

Dora Vargha, 2015-16 Research Fellow; 2010-2011 Research Fellow
Dora received the 2019 Book Award from the European Association for the History of Medicine and Health (EAHMH) for Polio Across the Iron Curtain: Hungary’s Cold War with an Epidemic.

 Newly Acquired or Processed Collections
Adler Planetarium has published a catalog of its sundial collection.
The Adler Planetarium of Chicago has the best and most comprehensive collection of sundials and time-finding instruments in North America. Now many of these objects can be yours to explore.  This volume encompasses a dazzling array of sundials, 268 in all, that date from the 15th to 20th centuries.The American Philosophical Society is pleased to announce that the papers of H. Eldon Sutton (25 linear feet) and Val Fitch (60 linear feet) have been processed and are available to researchers. In addition, the APS has acquired the papers of Freeman Dyson.The College of Physicians has digitized its Silas Weir Mitchell Materials.The New York Academy of Medicine has digitized two projects:
Public Health in Modern America, 1890-1970; and
Archives of Sexuality & Gender, Part III: Sex and Sexuality, Sixteenth to Twentieth Centuries.The Wellcome Collection makes the papers of Dr. Joshua Bierer available for research.
 Events Calendar
The Consortium maintains a calendar of events in the history of science, technology and medicine at member institutions. Find an event near you.

PSA Seeking New Host

The Philosophy of Science Association (PSA) is seeking a new home for its executive office starting January 1, 2021. As part of this search, the PSA plans to hire a new Executive Director (ED) to serve as its chief executive officer. Click here for details.

Help Wellcome Reimagine Research

Wellcome wants to build a better research culture and we hope you will help us.

Together, we want to build a research culture that is creative, inclusive and honest. Where excellence is not just be what we do, but also how we do it.

We know that Wellcome has helped to create this narrow focus on excellence and we have seen the personal toll it takes on individuals. We believe we have a responsibility to change this – further inaction is inexcusable.

More details can be found on our website and in a blog from Wellcome’s Director, Jeremy Farrar.

Share your view

We have launched a survey to hear the views of those who conduct, support or have recently left the research profession. We want to understand the current culture and hear what changes you think are needed.

We will publish the findings later this year and share the anonymised data for others to learn from.

From this research, we will create a shared set of goals which describe a great research culture and commit Wellcome to achieving these through every part of our work. We want to take meaningful action and be held accountable for progress.

You can help us – please complete the survey and encourage those you know to do the same.